Paule Frachon

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Mitochondrial fusion remains a largely unknown process despite its observation by live microscopy and the identification of few implicated proteins. Using green and red fluorescent proteins targeted to the mitochondrial matrix, we show that mitochondrial fusion in human cells is efficient and achieves complete mixing of matrix contents within 12 h. This(More)
Heteroplasmic mutations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are an important source of human diseases. The mechanisms governing transmission, segregation and complementation of heteroplasmic mtDNA-mutations are unknown but depend on the nature and dynamics of the mitochondrial compartment as well as on the intramitochondrial organization and mobility of mtDNA. We(More)
Most mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) alterations associated with human disorders are heteroplasmic, i.e. mutant mtDNA molecules coexist with normal ones within the cell. We addressed the possibility of intermitochondrial exchanges through histologic analyses of cybrid clones with increasing proportion of the MELAS (A3243G) mtDNA transfer RNA point mutation.(More)
Through a report of 4 late-onset cases with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion, we address the specificity of the clinical entities associated with a very low residual amount of mtDNA. Three of the patients met the diagnostic criteria of Kearns Sayre syndrome, which has never been associated with mtDNA depletion. The fourth patient had an isolated skeletal(More)
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles with continuous fusion and fission, the equilibrium of which results in mitochondrial morphology. Evidence points to there being an intricate relationship between mitochondrial dynamics and oxidative phosphorylation. We investigated the bioenergetics modulation of mitochondrial morphology in five control cultured primary(More)
The great variability of the human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence induces many difficulties in the search for its deleterious mutations. We illustrate these pitfalls by the analysis of the cytochrome b gene of 21 patients affected with a mitochondrial disease. Eighteen different sequence variations were found, five of which were new mutations. Extensive(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the mechanisms of mitochondrial toxicity associated with antiretroviral treatment. METHODS 3T3-F442A white and T37i brown adipocytes were exposed to stavudine (10 microM), zidovudine (1 microM) and indinavir (10 microM), alone or in combination. Adipocyte fat content was measured with Oil Red 0 staining. Quantification of mRNA levels(More)
The evaluation of the severity of progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO) with ragged-red fibers in muscle, at the onset of the disease, when PEO is most often the only presenting symptom, is a difficult problem in neurological practice. In order to address that issue, we have performed a comparative analysis of the clinical, morphological and molecular(More)
Pure synaptic vesicles have been isolated in sucrose-KCl media. They are able to take up calcium in the presence of ATP and Mg. This is based on the following evidence. First, the synaptic vesicle fraction is the gradient peak for calcium uptake. Second, it was not possible to separate ACh and ATP from the uptake peak after refractionation of synaptic(More)
Cholinergic synaptic vesicles were purified fromTorpedo electric organ to near morphological homogeneity. They were isolated in a K+ environment. A method is described for the preparation of concentrated synaptic vesicles that allows uptake studies by conventional techniques. An ATP-Mg-dependent calcium uptake associated with synaptic vesicles is(More)