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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is usually refractory to the available treatments. For cancer gene therapy purposes, real-time imaging of therapeutic gene expression is of great importance because there are multiple factors that modulate the therapeutic gene expression in a complex tumor microenvironment. As a consequence, multiple doses of therapeutic viral(More)
Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the unique ability to home toward injuries or tumor sites. We have previously shown that the tumor-tropic property is dependent on the intrinsic expression and activity of the matrix remodeling gene, matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1). Herein, crosstalk between MMP-1/protease activated receptor 1(More)
Tumor tropism of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) has been exploited for the delivery of therapeutic genes for anticancer therapy. However, the exact contribution of these cells in the tumor microenvironment remains unknown. In this study, we examined the biological effect of MSC on tumor cells. The results showed that MSC inhibited(More)
The treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an unmet clinical need. The 5-year survival rate of patients with GBM is less than 3%. Temozolomide (TMZ) remains the standard first-line treatment regimen for gliomas despite the fact that more than 90% of recurrent gliomas do not respond to TMZ after repeated exposure. We have also independently shown that(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM or World Health Organization (WHO) grade IV) is the most malignant tumor of the brain. Despite conventional combination treatment of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, the survival of patients with GBM is generally <1 year. It is a great challenge to identify an effective drug that could efficiently inhibit (i) the growth(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have increasingly been used as cellular vectors for the delivery of therapeutic genes to tumors. However, the precise mechanism of mobilization remains poorly defined. In this study, MSCs that expressed similar cell surface markers and exhibited multilineage differentiation potentials were isolated from various donors.(More)
Poor prognosis of high grade gliomas coupled with the difficulty of widespread delivery of therapeutic agents prompted the search into new molecular targets. Our aim is to isolate glioma-specific peptide sequences that can be used for targeted delivery of therapeutic drugs and imaging tracer to accurately demarcate tumor volume as a response to therapy.(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging studies have shown the potential benefit of arming oncolytic viruses with therapeutic genes. However, most of these therapeutic genes are placed under the regulation of ubiquitous viral promoters. Our goal is to generate a safer yet potent oncolytic herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) for cancer therapy. METHODS Using bacterial(More)
Glioblastomas account for approximately 20% of all primary brain tumors in adults. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant tumor. In spite of advances in surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, the life expectancy of the patient with glioblastoma is approximately 11 months. To enhance glioma-specific gene delivery, we employed a 12-mer phage(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant tumor of the brain and is challenging to treat due to its highly invasive nature and heterogeneity. Malignant brain tumor displays high metabolic activity which perturbs its redox environment and in turn translates to high oxidative stress. Thus, pushing the oxidative stress level to achieve the maximum(More)