Paula Traktman

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The vaccinia-related kinases (VRKs) comprise a branch of the casein kinase family whose members are characterized by homology to the vaccinia virus B1 kinase. The VRK orthologues encoded by Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster play an essential role in cell division; however, substrates that mediate this role have yet to be elucidated. VRK1(More)
The proto-oncogene c-kit encodes a transmembrane tyrosine protein kinase receptor for an unknown ligand and is allelic with the murine white-spotting locus (W). Mutations at the W locus affect various aspects of hematopoiesis, the proliferation and migration of primordial germ cells and melanoblasts during development. The original W mutation and W37 are(More)
Members of the novel vaccinia related kinase (VRK) protein family are characterized by notable sequence homology to the vaccinia virus-encoded B1 kinase (vvB1). vvB1 plays an essential role in viral DNA replication, and Boyle and Traktman have demonstrated that VRK1 enzymes complement the replication defect of a temperature-sensitive viral mutant defective(More)
We have analyzed the effects of vaccinia virus (VV) on gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) signal transduction. Infection of cells with VV 1 to 2 h prior to treatment with IFN-gamma inhibits phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of Stat1 and consequently blocks accumulation of mRNAs normally induced by IFN-gamma. While phosphorylation of other proteins in the(More)
The B1 gene of vaccinia virus encodes a 34-kDa protein which is essential for viral replication. Temperature-sensitive mutants bearing lesions in this gene arrest at the stage of DNA replication during nonpermissive infections. In this report, the sequence of the 34-kDa open reading frame is presented, and the mutations in two ts alleles are identified.(More)
Poxviruses comprise a large family of viruses characterized by a large, linear dsDNA genome, a cytoplasmic site of replication and a complex virion morphology. The most notorious member of the poxvirus family is variola, the causative agent of smallpox. The laboratory prototype virus used for the study of poxviruses is vaccinia, the virus that was used as a(More)
The vaccinia virus B1 gene encodes a 34-kDa protein with homology to protein kinases. In L cells infected nonpermissively with mutants containing lesions in the B1 gene (ts2 and ts25), the infectious cycle arrests prior to DNA replication. In this report, we demonstrate that DNA synthesis ceases when cultures infected with these mutants at 32 degrees C are(More)
The murine white spotting locus (W) is allelic with the proto-oncogene c-kit, which encodes a transmembrane tyrosine protein kinase receptor for an unknown ligand. Mutations at the W locus affect various aspects of hematopoiesis and the proliferation and migration of primordial germ cells and melanoblasts during development to varying degrees of severity.(More)
The 34-kDa protein encoded by the I3 gene of vaccinia virus is expressed at early and intermediate times postinfection and is phosphorylated on serine residues. Recombinant I3 has been expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to near homogeneity, as has the protein from infected cells. Both recombinant and endogenous I3 protein demonstrate a striking(More)
The vaccinia virus-encoded D5 protein is an essential ATPase involved in viral DNA replication. We have expanded the genotypic and phenotypic analysis of six temperature-sensitive (ts) D5 mutants (Cts17, Cts24, Ets69, Dts6389 [also referred to as Dts38], Dts12, and Dts56) and shown that at nonpermissive temperature all of the tsD5 viruses exhibit a dramatic(More)