Paula R McDonald

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The authors present a method of incorporating preoperative noninvasive functional brain mapping data into the frameless stereotactic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging dataset used for image-guided resection of brain lesions located near eloquent cortex. They report the use of functional (f)MR imaging and magnetic source (MS) imaging for preoperative mapping(More)
From October 1992 through December 1996, we performed 109 ventroposterolateral pallidotomies on 104 patients with Parkinson's disease. Throughout the series, we have used the basic imaging technique described by Laitinen, utilizing impedance measurement and macrostimulation to determine the optimal target position within with the pallidum and avoid the(More)
The Brown-Roberts-Wells (BRW) computer tomography (CT) stereotactic guidance system has been modified to accommodate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A smaller head ring, which fits in standard MRI head coils, is constructed of a non-ferromagnetic aluminum ring that is split to prevent eddy currents and anodized to prevent MRI image distortion and(More)
Face perception remains one of the most intensively researched areas in psychology and allied disciplines, and there has been much debate regarding the early origins and experiential determinants of face processing. This article reviews studies, the majority of which have appeared in the past decade, that discuss possible mechanisms underlying face(More)
Machine vision techniques (video cameras) can be used to determine the three-dimensional position of objects. This transformation can be accomplished with standard mathematical algorithms. Initial accuracy tests of stereotactic localization with video cameras were performed using a standard Brown-Roberts-Wells (BRW) phantom simulator coupled with the BRW(More)
The accuracy of an optimized three-point transformation method and its usefulness for integrating multiple independent coordinate systems has been described. Such integration can be implemented to accomplish complex stereotactic procedures which may require the use of multiple image data sets and combinations of frame-based and frameless stereotactic(More)
Several studies have shown that participants, without a deficit in face recognition, give an increased skin conductance response (SCR) to familiar faces when presented subliminally, hence suggesting covert recognition of these faces. In the experiment presented here we manipulated familiarity and attractiveness and tested whether participants distinguished(More)
A desktop microcomputer environment that utilizes Brown-Roberts-Wells (BRW) frame coordinates for creation of three-dimensional depiction of operator-defined intracranial structures has been developed. The system allows direct reading of Siemens CT scan images from a floppy disc, structural edge definition, and reconstruction of defined images. The system(More)
BACKGROUND Empathy has been re-discovered as a desirable quality in doctors. A number of approaches using the medical humanities have been advocated to teach empathy to medical students. This paper describes a new approach using the medium of creative writing and a new narrative genre: clinical realism. METHODS Third year students were offered a four week(More)
Seventeen patients were treated with stereotactically implanted high activity iodine-125 seeds, 12 patients for recurrent malignant astrocytomas (Protocol I) and 5 patients for newly diagnosed glioblastomas (Protocol II). Total radiation dosage to the recurrent tumors in Protocol I, including prior external beam irradiation, averaged 13,500 cGy. In the(More)
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