Paula R Martin

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In a 4-cell Caenorhabditis elegans embryo, two sister blastomeres called ABa and ABp are born with equivalent developmental potential, but eventually produce distinct patterns of cell fate. The different fates of ABa and ABp are specified at least in part by inductive interactions with neighboring blastomeres. Previous studies indicate that, at the 4-cell(More)
In early Caenorhabditis elegans embryos, asymmetric cell divisions produce descendants with asynchronous cell cycle times. To investigate the relationship between cell cycle regulation and pattern formation, we have identified a collection of embryonic-lethal mutants in which cell divisions are delayed and cell fate patterns are abnormal. In div (for(More)
A maternally expressed Caenorhabditis elegans gene called cyk-1 is required for polar body extrusion during meiosis and for a late step in cytokinesis during embryonic mitosis. Other microfilament- and microtubule-dependent processes appear normal in cyk-1 mutant embryos, indicating that cyk-1 regulates a specific subset of cytoskeletal functions. Because(More)
Creation of an embryonic fate map may provide insight into the patterns of cell division and specification contributing to the apical region of the early Arabidopsis embryo. A fate map has been constructed by inducing genetic chimerism during the two-apical-cell stage of embryogenesis to determine if the orientation of the first anticlinal cell division(More)
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is a pathogenic bacterium responsible for a highly contagious and often fatal form of bronchopneumonia in swine. Survival from a natural infection generally results in immunity from further infection by all 12 common serotypes, suggesting the presence of common protective antigens. We have identified one of the antigenic(More)
Members of the family Pasteurellaceae are classified in part by whether or not they require an NAD supplement for growth on laboratory media. In this study, we demonstrate that this phenotype can be determined by a single gene, nadV, whose presence allows NAD-independent growth of Haemophilus influenzae and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. This gene was(More)
1. This study shows that the human cannabinoid receptors and their gene transcripts can be analyzed in blood samples when combined with polymerase chain reaction. The results also demonstrate that the expression of the cannabinoid receptors is dependent on gender and ethnic background. 2. Normal human volunteers who do not use marijuana have genes that(More)
Cysteine 319 in the large subunit of Klebsiella aerogenes urease was identified as an essential catalytic residue based on chemical modification studies (Todd, M.J., and Hausinger, R.P. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 24327-24331). Through site-directed mutagenesis, this cysteine has been changed independently to alanine, serine, aspartate, and tyrosine. None of(More)
A fate map has been constructed for the shoot apical region of the embryo of the dicotyledonous plant Arabidopsis thaliana using spontaneously arising clonal albino sectors caused by the chloroplast mutator 1-2 mutation. Chimeric seedlings exhibiting albino sectors shared between the cotyledons and first true leaves revealed patterns of organ inclusion and(More)
The gonococcal argF gene encoding ornithine transcarbamoylase (OTCase) contains an open reading frame of 993 nucleotides which starts with a GUG codon and encodes a peptide with a deduced Mr of 36,731. We compared the predicted amino acid (aa) sequence to OTCase sequences previously determined for Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and found that(More)