Paula Pierozan

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Glyphosate is the primary active constituent of the commercial pesticide Roundup. The present results show that acute Roundup exposure at low doses (36 ppm, 0.036 g/L) for 30 min induces oxidative stress and activates multiple stress-response pathways leading to Sertoli cell death in prepubertal rat testis. The pesticide increased intracellular Ca(2+)(More)
INTRODUCTION Apoptosis of neutrophils (polymorphonuclear neutrophils [PMNs]) may limit inflammatory injury in sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but the relationship between the severity of sepsis and extent of PMN apoptosis and the effect of superimposed ARDS is unknown. The objective of this study was to correlate neutrophil apoptosis(More)
The studies of signaling mechanisms involved in the disruption of the cytoskeleton homeostasis were performed in a model of quinolinic acid (QUIN) neurotoxicity in vitro. This investigation focused on the phosphorylation level of intermediate filament (IF) subunits of astrocytes (glial fibrillary acidic protein - GFAP) and neurons (low, medium and high(More)
The effects of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] are mainly mediated by nuclear receptors modulating gene expression. However, there are increasing evidences of nongenomic mechanisms of this hormone associated with kinase- and calcium-activated signaling pathways. In this context, the aim of the present work was to investigate the signaling(More)
QUIN is a glutamate agonist playing a role in the misregulation of the cytoskeleton, which is associated with neurodegeneration in rats. In this study, we focused on microglial activation, FGF2/Erk signaling, gap junctions (GJs), inflammatory parameters and redox imbalance acting on cytoskeletal dynamics of the in QUIN-treated neural cells of rat striatum.(More)
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase (HL) deficiency is a genetic disorder biochemically characterized by predominant accumulation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric (HMG) and 3-methylglutaric (MGA) acids in tissues and biological fluids of affected individuals. Clinically, the patients present neurological symptoms and basal ganglia injury, whose(More)
Quinolinic acid (QUIN) is a neuroactive metabolite of the kinurenine pathway, and is considered to be involved in aging and some neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington's disease. QUIN was injected intrastriatally into adolescent rats, and biochemical and histopathological analyses in the striatum, cortex, and hippocampus, as well as behavioral(More)
In the present study we investigated the effect of in vivo intrastriatal injection of quinolinic acid (QA) on cytoskeletal proteins in astrocytes and neurons of young rats at early stage (30 min) after infusion. QA (150 nmoles/0.5 microL) significantly increased the in vitro phosphorylation of the low molecular weight neurofilament subunit (NFL) and the(More)
Quinolinic acid (QUIN) is an endogenous metabolite of the kynurenine pathway involved in several neurological disorders. Among the several mechanisms involved in QUIN-mediated toxicity, disruption of the cytoskeleton has been demonstrated in striatally injected rats and in striatal slices. The present work searched for the actions of QUIN in primary(More)
In the present work, we studied the effects of toxic ammonia levels on the cytoskeleton of neural cells, with emphasis in the homeostasis of the phosphorylating system associated with the intermediate filaments (IFs). We used in vivo and in vitro models of acute hyperammonemia in 10- and 21-day-old rats. In the in vivo model, animals were intraperitoneally(More)