Paula Pierozan

Learn More
In the present study we investigated the effect of in vivo intrastriatal injection of quinolinic acid (QA) on cytoskeletal proteins in astrocytes and neurons of young rats at early stage (30 min) after infusion. QA (150 nmoles/0.5 microL) significantly increased the in vitro phosphorylation of the low molecular weight neurofilament subunit (NFL) and the(More)
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase (HL) deficiency is a genetic disorder biochemically characterized by predominant accumulation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric (HMG) and 3-methylglutaric (MGA) acids in tissues and biological fluids of affected individuals. Clinically, the patients present neurological symptoms and basal ganglia injury, whose(More)
The studies of signaling mechanisms involved in the disruption of the cytoskeleton homeostasis were performed in a model of quinolinic acid (QUIN) neurotoxicity in vitro. This investigation focused on the phosphorylation level of intermediate filament (IF) subunits of astrocytes (glial fibrillary acidic protein - GFAP) and neurons (low, medium and high(More)
Glyphosate is the primary active constituent of the commercial pesticide Roundup. The present results show that acute Roundup exposure at low doses (36 ppm, 0.036 g/L) for 30 min induces oxidative stress and activates multiple stress-response pathways leading to Sertoli cell death in prepubertal rat testis. The pesticide increased intracellular Ca(2+)(More)
The effects of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] are mainly mediated by nuclear receptors modulating gene expression. However, there are increasing evidences of nongenomic mechanisms of this hormone associated with kinase- and calcium-activated signaling pathways. In this context, the aim of the present work was to investigate the signaling(More)
Carbonyl compounds such as methylglyoxal (MGO) seem to play an important role in complications resulting from diabetes mellitus, in aging and neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we are showing, that MGO is able to suppress cell viability and induce apoptosis in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of neonatal rats ex-vivo. These effects are partially(More)
Congenital hypothyroidism is associated with delay in cell migration and proliferation in brain tissue, impairment of synapse formation, misregulation of neurotransmitters, hypomyelination and mental retardation. However, the mechanisms underlying the neuropsychological deficits observed in congenital hypothyroidism are not completely understood. In the(More)
Quinolinic acid (QUIN) is a neuroactive metabolite of the kinurenine pathway, and is considered to be involved in aging and some neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington's disease. QUIN was injected intrastriatally into adolescent rats, and biochemical and histopathological analyses in the striatum, cortex, and hippocampus, as well as behavioral(More)
INTRODUCTION Apoptosis of neutrophils (polymorphonuclear neutrophils [PMNs]) may limit inflammatory injury in sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but the relationship between the severity of sepsis and extent of PMN apoptosis and the effect of superimposed ARDS is unknown. The objective of this study was to correlate neutrophil apoptosis(More)
Quinolinic acid (QUIN) is a neuroactive metabolite of the kinurenine pathway, considered to be involved in aging and some neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington׳s disease. In the present work we have studied the long-lasting effect of acute intrastriatal injection of QUIN (150 nmol/0.5 µL) in 30 day-old rats on the phosphorylating system(More)