Paula Murphy

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Canonical Wnt/beta-catenin signaling regulates the activation of the myogenic determination gene Myf5 at the onset of myogenesis, but the underlying molecular mechanism is unknown. Here, we report that the Wnt signal is transduced in muscle progenitor cells by at least two Frizzled (Fz) receptors (Fz1 and/or Fz6), through the canonical beta-catenin pathway,(More)
We have previously shown that the widely expressed human transcription factor TCF11/LCR-F1/Nrf1 interacts with small Maf proteins and binds to a subclass of AP1-sites. Such sites are required for beta-globin 5' DNase I hypersensitive site 2 enhancer activity, erythroid porphobilinogen deaminase inducibility, hemin responsiveness by heme-oxygenase 1 and(More)
The development of different brain regions involves the coordinated control of proliferation and cell fate specification along and across the neuraxis. Here, we identify Plxdc2 as a novel regulator of these processes, using in ovo electroporation and in vitro cultures of mammalian cells. Plxdc2 is a type I transmembrane protein with some homology to nidogen(More)
Mechanical forces are essential for normal adult bone function and repair, but the impact of prenatal muscle contractions on bone development remains to be explored in depth in mammalian model systems. In this study, we analyze skeletogenesis in two 'muscleless' mouse mutant models in which the formation of skeletal muscle development is disrupted;(More)
Hydrostatic pressure (HP) is a key component of the in vivo joint environment and has been shown to enhance chondrogenesis of stem cells. The objective of this study was to investigate the interaction between HP and TGF-β3 on both the initiation and maintenance of a chondrogenic phenotype for joint tissue derived stem cells. Pellets generated from porcine(More)
Gamma-glutamylcysteinylglycine or glutathione (GSH) performs important protective functions in the cell through maintenance of the intracellular redox balance and elimination of xenobiotics and free radicals. The production of GSH involves a number of enzymes and enzyme subunits offering multiple opportunities for regulation. Two members of the CNC(More)
Very little is known about the regulation of morphogenesis in synovial joints. Mechanical forces generated from muscle contractions are required for normal development of several aspects of normal skeletogenesis. Here we show that biophysical stimuli generated by muscle contractions impact multiple events during chick knee joint morphogenesis influencing(More)
The sensitivity of Bacillus subtilis to hydrogen peroxide (oxidative stress) was found to vary with the position of the culture in the growth cycle. The most dramatic change occurred at the stationary phase, when the cells became totally resistant to 10 mM H2O2, in contrast to the loss of 3 to 4 log units of viability when treated at the early log phase.(More)
To determine the role of body mass index (BMI) in a Western population on outcomes after modified D2 gastrectomy (preserving pancreas and spleen where possible) for gastric cancer. Methods. Eighty-four consecutive patients undergoing an R0 modified D2 gastrectomy for gastric cancer were studied prospectively. Male patients with a BMI of greater than 24.7(More)
This study determined the antibiotic susceptibility of planktonic and biofilm cultures of Burkholderia cepacia complex organisms, a group of highly problematic pathogens associated with cystic fibrosis patients. The biofilm inhibitory concentrations were considerably higher than the corresponding minimum inhibitory concentrations for meropenem and(More)