Paula M Dulski

Learn More
The trisubstituted pyrrole 4-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-(1-methylpiperidine-4-yl)-1H-pyrrol-3-yl]pyridine (Compound 1) inhibits the growth of Eimeria spp. both in vitro and in vivo. The molecular target of Compound 1 was identified as cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) using a tritiated analogue to purify a approximately 120-kDa protein from lysates of Eimeria(More)
A novel fungal metabolite, apicidin [cyclo(N-O-methyl-L-tryptophanyl-L -isoleucinyl-D-pipecolinyl-L-2-amino-8-oxodecanoyl)], that exhibits potent, broad spectrum antiprotozoal activity in vitro against Apicomplexan parasites has been identified. It is also orally and parenterally active in vivo against Plasmodium berghei malaria in mice. Many Apicomplexan(More)
Delayed-rectifier K+ currents (I(DR)) in pancreatic beta-cells are thought to contribute to action potential repolarization and thereby modulate insulin secretion. The voltage-gated K+ channel, K(V)2.1, is expressed in beta-cells, and the biophysical characteristics of heterologously expressed channels are similar to those of I(DR) in rodent beta-cells. A(More)
A protocol is presented for the purification of sporozoites from sporulated oocysts of Eimeria tenella. Two Percoll density gradients are the basis of the purification. The first gradient is used after glass-bead grinding to purify undamaged sporocysts; 87% of the sporocysts loaded onto the gradient were recovered in the pellet. The second gradient is used(More)
Normally, sporozoites of Eimeria tenella are efficiently excysted in vitro with trypsin and bile salts. However, a one hour treatment at 40 degrees C with a chelator-supplemented excystation medium (purified trypsin and chymotrypsin, taurodeoxycholate and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid in buffered saline) produced incomplete excystation. The treatment(More)
Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels regulate many physiological functions and represent important therapeutic targets in the treatment of several clinical disorders. Although some of these channels have been well-characterized, the study of others, such as Kv3 channels, has been hindered because of limited pharmacological tools. The current study was(More)
BgK, a sea anemone peptide consisting of 37 amino acid residues and 3 disulfide bonds, blocks voltage-gated potassium (Kv1) channels. Here, we report a method for producing tagged BgK in Escherichia coli, as a soluble cytoplasmic protein. First, using peptidic synthesis, we show that addition of a 15 residue peptide (S.Tag) at the BgK C-terminus does not(More)
A number of proteins in Eimeria tenella are shown to possess a carbohydrate similar to that found on the carboxyl terminus of the variant surface glycoprotein from Trypanosoma brucei. In trypanosomes, this carbohydrate is part of a glycolipid structure responsible for membrane attachment. In common with the variant surface glycoprotein and with other(More)
Clinical treatment of neuropathic pain can be achieved with a number of different drugs, some of which interact with all members of the voltage-gated sodium channel (NaV1) family. However, block of central nervous system and cardiac NaV1 channels can cause dose-limiting side effects, preventing many patients from achieving adequate pain relief. Expression(More)
Apicidin's indole was efficiently converted into a series of N-substituted quinolone derivatives by indole N-alkylation followed by a two-step, one-pot, ozonolysis/aldol condensation protocol. The new quinolones exhibited good parasite selectivity and potency both at the level of their molecular target, histone deacetylase, and in their whole cell(More)