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The proteolytic enzyme stromelysin-1 is a member of the family of matrix metalloproteinases and is believed to play a role in pathological conditions such as arthritis and tumor invasion. Stromelysin-1 is synthesized as a pro-enzyme that is activated by removal of an N-terminal prodomain. The active enzyme contains a catalytic domain and a C-terminal(More)
The discovery and synthesis of dihydrobenzoxathiins as potent, ERalpha subtype selective ligands are described. The most active analogue, 4-D, was found to be 50-fold selective in a competitive binding assay and 100-fold selective in a transactivation assay in HEK-293 cells. The alpha selectivity was postulated to lie in the interaction of the sulfur atom(More)
The crystal structure of the protease of the human immunodeficiency virus type (HIV-1), which releases structural proteins and enzymes from viral polyprotein products, has been determined to 3 A resolution. Large regions of the protease dimer, including the active site, have structural homology to the family of microbial aspartyl proteases. The structure(More)
We have observed a high correlation between the intermolecular interaction energy (Einter) calculated for HIV-1 protease inhibitor complexes and the observed in vitro enzyme inhibition. A training set of 33 inhibitors containing modifications in the P1' and P2' positions was used to develop a regression equation which relates Einter and pIC50. This(More)
The mode of binding of acetyl-pepstatin to the protease from the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) has been determined by x-ray diffraction analysis. Crystals of an acetyl-pepstatin-HIV-1 protease complex were obtained in space group P2(1)2(1)2 (unit cell dimensions a = 58.39 A, b = 86.70 A, c = 46.27 A) by precipitation with sodium chloride. The(More)
IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamase (class B) is a plasmid-borne zinc metalloenzyme that efficiently hydrolyzes beta-lactam antibiotics, including carbapenems, rendering them ineffective. Because IMP-1 has been found in several clinically important carbapenem-resistant pathogens, there is a need for inhibitors of this enzyme that could protect broad spectrum(More)
The discovery, synthesis, and SAR of chromanes as ER alpha subtype selective ligands are described. X-ray studies revealed that the origin of the ER alpha-selectivity resulted from a C-4 trans methyl substitution to the cis-2,3-diphenyl-chromane platform. Selected compounds from this class demonstrated very potent in vivo antagonism of estradiol in an(More)
As part of a structure-aided effort to design clinically useful inhibitors of metallo-beta-lactamases, the X-ray crystal structure of a complex between the metallo-beta-lactamase from Bacteroides fragilis and 4-morpholinoethanesulfonic acid (MES) has been determined and a model for the structure has been refined to a crystallographic R-factor of 0.151 for(More)