Paula M D Fitzgerald

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The crystal structure of the protease of the human immunodeficiency virus type (HIV-1), which releases structural proteins and enzymes from viral polyprotein products, has been determined to 3 A resolution. Large regions of the protease dimer, including the active site, have structural homology to the family of microbial aspartyl proteases. The structure(More)
The proteolytic enzyme stromelysin-1 is a member of the family of matrix metalloproteinases and is believed to play a role in pathological conditions such as arthritis and tumor invasion. Stromelysin-1 is synthesized as a pro-enzyme that is activated by removal of an N-terminal prodomain. The active enzyme contains a catalytic domain and a C-terminal(More)
IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamase (class B) is a plasmid-borne zinc metalloenzyme that efficiently hydrolyzes beta-lactam antibiotics, including carbapenems, rendering them ineffective. Because IMP-1 has been found in several clinically important carbapenem-resistant pathogens, there is a need for inhibitors of this enzyme that could protect broad spectrum(More)
The discovery and synthesis of dihydrobenzoxathiins as potent, ERalpha subtype selective ligands are described. The most active analogue, 4-D, was found to be 50-fold selective in a competitive binding assay and 100-fold selective in a transactivation assay in HEK-293 cells. The alpha selectivity was postulated to lie in the interaction of the sulfur atom(More)
The discovery, synthesis, and SAR of chromanes as ER alpha subtype selective ligands are described. X-ray studies revealed that the origin of the ER alpha-selectivity resulted from a C-4 trans methyl substitution to the cis-2,3-diphenyl-chromane platform. Selected compounds from this class demonstrated very potent in vivo antagonism of estradiol in an(More)
A series of dihydrobenzoxathiin SERAMs with alkylated pyrrolidine side chains or alkylated linkers was prepared. Minor modifications in the side chain or linker resulted in significant effects on biological activity, especially in uterine tissue.
A novel class of indole ligands for estrogen receptor alpha have been discovered which exhibit potent affinity and high selectivity. Substitution of the bazedoxifene skeleton to the linker present in the HTS lead 1a provided 22b which was found to be 130-fold alpha-selective and acted as an antagonist of estradiol activity in uterine tissue and MCF-7 cancer(More)
We have observed a high correlation between the intermolecular interaction energy (Einter) calculated for HIV-1 protease inhibitor complexes and the observed in vitro enzyme inhibition. A training set of 33 inhibitors containing modifications in the P1' and P2' positions was used to develop a regression equation which relates Einter and pIC50. This(More)