Paula M Alepuz

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In response to hyperosmotic environments, most eukaryotic cells activate a specialized mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway. In S. cerevisiae, the key protein kinase, Hog1, coordinates the transcriptional induction of a variety of genes devoted to osmoadaptation and general stress protection. Depending on the promoter context, Hog1 can function(More)
As an adaptive response to new conditions, mRNA concentrations in eukaryotes are readjusted after any environmental change. Although mRNA concentrations can be modified by altering synthesis and/or degradation rates, the rapidity of the transition to a new concentration depends on the regulation of mRNA stability. There are several plausible transcriptional(More)
Hyperosmotic stress yields reprogramming of gene expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. Most of this response is orchestrated by Hog1, a stress-activated, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) homologous to human p38. We investigated, on a genomic scale, the contribution of changes in transcription rates and mRNA stabilities to the modulation of(More)
In budding yeast, the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Hog1 coordinates the transcriptional program required for cell survival upon osmostress. The Hot1 transcription factor acts downstream of the MAPK and regulates a subset of Hog1-responsive genes. In response to high osmolarity, Hot1 targets Hog1 to specific osmostress-responsive promoters. Here,(More)
Regulation of gene expression by mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) is essential for proper cell adaptation to extracellular stimuli. Exposure of yeast cells to high osmolarity results in rapid activation of the MAPK Hog1, which coordinates the transcriptional programme required for cell survival on osmostress. The mechanisms by which Hog1 and MAPKs(More)
Far1p is a bifunctional protein that is required to arrest the cell cycle and to establish cell polarity during yeast mating. Far1p is localized predominantly in the nucleus but accumulates in the cytoplasm in cells exposed to pheromones. Here we show that Far1p functions in both subcellular compartments: nuclear Far1p is required to arrest the cell cycle,(More)
In eukaryotes, control of transcription by extracellular signals involves the translocation to the nucleus of at least one component of the signal transduction pathway. Transport through the nuclear envelope requires the activity of an import or export receptor that interacts with the small GTPase Ran. We have cloned the MSN5 gene of the yeast Saccharomyces(More)
In response to changes in the extracellular environment, cells coordinate intracellular activities to maximize their probability of survival and proliferation. Eukaryotic cells, from yeast to mammals, transduce diverse extracellular stimuli through the cell by multiple mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades. Exposure of cells to increases in(More)
mRNA concentration depends on the balance between transcription and degradation rates. On both sides of the equilibrium, synthesis and degradation show, however, interesting differences that have conditioned the evolution of gene regulatory mechanisms. Here, we discuss recent genome-wide methods for determining mRNA half-lives in eukaryotes. We also review(More)
In this report we show that the ENA1/PMR2A gene is under glucose repression. The SNF1 protein kinase, acting independently from the HOG and calcineurin pathways, is essential to release ENA1 from glucose repression. The transcriptional repressor Ssn6p negatively regulates ENA1 expression and, like other glucose repressible genes, this repression is mediated(More)