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Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease. A key pathological feature of PD is Lewy bodies, of which the major protein component is α-synuclein (α-syn). Human genetic studies have shown that mutations (A53T, A30P, E46K) and multiplication of the α-syn gene are linked to familial PD. Mice overexpressing the human A53T(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies have reported that administration of stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), the ligand for the G-protein coupled receptor CXCR4, increased collateral blood flow in a mouse model of vascular insufficiency via recruitment of endothelial precursor cells (EPC). The present study investigated the contribution of mature endothelial cells in the(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase 4 (MAP4K4) regulates the MEK kinase cascade and is implicated in cytoskeletal rearrangement and migration; however, identifying MAP4K4 substrates has remained a challenge. To ascertain MAP4K4-dependent phosphorylation events, we combined phosphoproteomic studies of MAP4K4 inhibition with in vitro assessment of its kinase(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) belong to a class of enzymes that control the ability of a cell to enter into and proceed through the cell division cycle. Using purine as a scaffold, we have synthesized a number of nanomolar inhibitors of CDK-2/cyclin E. In this report, the synthesis of a series of piperidine-substituted purine analogs will be presented, as(More)
Multiplexed (96-lane) capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence (MCE-LIF) detection was used for the rapid analysis of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) levels from in vitro cell extracts. The levels of ERK enzyme in cell extracts were determined by monitoring the conversion of a fluorescent-labeled peptide substrate to a(More)
Genetic mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) have been linked to autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease. The most prevalent mutation, G2019S, results in enhanced LRRK2 kinase activity that potentially contributes to the etiology of Parkinson's disease. Consequently, disease progression is potentially mediated by poorly characterized(More)
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