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Vaginitis is a common complaint of adolescent females. It can cause extreme distress for some patients, especially those with recurrent symptoms. Thus, it is important to take care when evaluating these patients and to acknowledge their frustration when appropriate. A thoughtful and thorough history will determine most causes, with the most common being(More)
Clonidine hydrochloride and naltrexone hydrochloride, given in combination, were found to provide a safe, effective, and extremely rapid treatment of abrupt withdrawal from methadone hydrochloride therapy. Under controlled inpatient conditions established to assess dosage guidelines and to examine specific signs and symptoms of withdrawal, ten (91%) of 11(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescent girls in the United States and around the world are at a heightened risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of a skill-based HIV/STD risk-reduction intervention in reducing self-reported unprotected sexual intercourse among African American and(More)
The American Academy of Pediatrics promotes the inclusion of the gynecologic examination in the primary care setting within the medical home. Gynecologic issues are commonly seen by clinicians who provide primary care to adolescents. Some of the most common concerns include questions related to pubertal development; menstrual disorders such as dysmenorrhea,(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively examine the relationship between mother-daughter communication about sex and selected sexual risk behaviors among inner-city adolescent females. METHODS Participants were 219 sexually experienced females, 12 to 19 years of age, recruited from an inner-city adolescent medicine clinic in Philadelphia, PA, and randomly assigned to(More)
PURPOSE Dysmenorrhea affects quality of life and contributes to absenteeism from school and work, thereby diminishing opportunities for successful psychosocial and cognitive development during adolescence. In adults, depression, anxiety, and smoking have an impact on menstrual cycles and dysmenorrhea. Associations between these problems have not been(More)
Offering rapid HIV testing improves rates of testing in adults, but little is known about whether offering adolescents a choice of testing methods increases rates of testing. The aims of the study were to determine rates of HIV testing in adolescents when different testing methods were offered and explore factors associated with agreement to be tested for(More)
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the top 10 reportable diseases in the United States. Of the more than 12 million cases annually, approximately 3 million occur in adolescents. An estimated two thirds of cases occur in individuals younger than age 25. Almost half of adolescents report ever being sexually active, and approximately one third are(More)