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A series of new 3'-(2-methyl-1-propenyl) and 3'-(2-methylpropyl) taxoids with modifications at C-10 was synthesized by means of the beta-lactam synthon method using 10-modified 7-(triethylsilyl)-10-deacetylbaccatin III derivatives. The new taxoids thus synthesized show excellent cytotoxicity against human ovarian (A121), non-small-cell lung (A549), colon(More)
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from an existing vasculature, is requisite for tumor growth. It entails intercellular coordination of endothelial and tumor cells through angiogenic growth factor signaling. Interruption of these events has implications in the suppression of tumor growth. PD166285, a broad-spectrum receptor tyrosine kinase(More)
BACKGROUND The taxane paclitaxel (Taxol) is often of limited efficacy in chemotherapeutic regimens because some cancer cells express high levels of the efflux pump, P-glycoprotein (Pgp), which removes the drug from the cells. The orally active paclitaxel analog IDN-5109 has been reported to overcome Pgp-mediated drug resistance. We tested whether IDN-5109(More)
Novel paclitaxel-mimicking alkaloids were designed and synthesized based on a bioactive conformation of paclitaxel, that is, REDOR-Taxol. The alkaloid 2 bearing a 5-7-6 tricyclic scaffold mimics REDOR-Taxol best among the compounds designed and was found to be the most potent compound against several drug-sensitive and drug-resistant human cancer cell(More)
Overexpression of ATP-binding cassette transport proteins, including P-glycoprotein (Pgp), multidrug resistance (MDR) protein (MRP-1), and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), is a well-characterized mechanism of MDR in tumor cells. Although the cytotoxic taxanes paclitaxel and docetaxel are substrates for Pgp-mediated efflux, the semisynthetic taxane(More)
Polyamine biosynthetic activity was assessed in various colorectal tissue samples consisting of noninvolved mucosa, benign adenomatous polyps and adenocarcinomas taken at surgery from a total of 40 patients. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) displayed a gradient of enzyme activity (i.e., adenocarcinoma greater than polyps greater than mucosa) which seemed to(More)
Sialoglycans on the cell surface of human colon cancer (HCC) cells have been implicated in cellular adhesion and metastasis. To clarify the role of N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc) linked alpha2,3 to galactose (Gal) on the surface of HCC cells, we studied the intercellular adhesion of HCC cell lines expressing increasing NeuAcalpha2,3Gal-R. Our model system(More)
Preclinical studies at Roswell Park Cancer Institute by Minderman, Cao, and Rustum (unpublished results) showed that a combination of SN-38 and 5-FU against HCT-8 human colon carcinoma cells in vitro was synergistic, with the best interaction occurring when the drugs were added sequentially, SN-38 first. Their in vivo studies using HCT-8 tumor xenografts(More)
PURPOSE The ATP-binding cassette protein ABCG2 (breast cancer resistance protein) effluxes some of the photosensitizers used in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and, thus, may confer resistance to this treatment modality. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) can block the function of ABCG2. Therefore, we tested the effects of the TKI imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) on(More)