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Oestrogen, an essential physiological regulator of reproductive function, controls lactotroph proliferation and prolactin release. The neuropeptide galanin co-localizes to the lactotroph, but its physiological function is largely unknown. Pituitary galanin expression is extremely sensitive to the oestrogen status of the animal. A marked elevation occurs(More)
The Indium-labelled somatostatin analogue pentetreotide has been successfully developed for imaging of somatostatin receptor positive tumours. However there is significant renal tubular uptake of the radiolabelled peptide, which can obscure upper abdominal tumours and would preclude its use for targeted radiotherapy. The aim of this study was to determine(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) are hypothalamic peptides sharing considerable sequence homology which are postulated to be hypophysiotrophic releasing factors. When infused into man, PACAP has no effect on anterior pituitary hormone levels, while VIP causes a significant increase in circulating(More)
The neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and galanin are synthesized in the anterior pituitary, galanin in the lactotroph and VIP probably in another cell type, and both stimulate prolactin secretion. Oestrogen regulates anterior pituitary VIP and galanin, galanin expression reflecting physiological variation in oestrogen status, whilst VIP is(More)
The neuropeptides galanin and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) have been implicated in the physiological regulation of lactotroph function. Using the 235-1 clonal lactotroph rat cell line we have studied the signalling pathways mediating the secretory and mitogenic responses to galanin and PACAP. Both peptides stimulated prolactin(More)
Most gastroenteropancreatic tumours express somatostatin receptors, allowing imaging using radiolabelled somatostatin analogues. Octreotide can be modified by coupling a DTPA moiety to the N-terminal D-phenylalanine to allow labelling with In111. We studied the comparative effectiveness of this radiopharmaceutical in identifying tumour extent. Twenty-two(More)
Saving energy in transportation can have important implications for the cost of securing the world's oil supplies, since transportation accounts for most of the petroleum consumed in the United States. It can also help with controlling the buildup of greenhouse gases, which will require major reductions in carbon dioxide emissions from economic sectors that(More)
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