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This manuscript summarizes some of our earlier work on the microbiology of autism subjects' stool specimens, as compared with stools from control subjects. Our most recent data indicating that Desulfovibrio may play an important role in regressive autism is also presented. In addition, we present information on antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of(More)
Clostridium clostridioforme shows much variability in phenotypic and antimicrobial susceptibility tests, suggesting it may be more than a single species even though all strains share unique morphology. This study was designed to determine if there are multiple species and, if so, to demonstrate the differences that exist between them. A total of 107 strains(More)
There is evidence of genetic predisposition to autism, but the percent of autistic subjects with this background is unknown. It is clear that other factors, such as environmental influences, may play a role in this disease. In the present study, we have examined the fecal microbial flora of 33 subjects with various severities of autism with gastrointestinal(More)
Some cases of late-onset (regressive) autism may involve abnormal flora because oral vancomycin, which is poorly absorbed, may lead to significant improvement in these children. Fecal flora of children with regressive autism was compared with that of control children, and clostridial counts were higher. The number of clostridial species found in the stools(More)
Strongly catalase-positive Gram-negative anaerobic rods were isolated from approximately half of all intra-abdominal specimens received from patients with gangrenous and perforated appendicitis, and subsequently also from normal faecal specimens. The organism was originally detected on Bacteroides-bile-aesculin (BBE) agar, and grew slowly on non-selective(More)
Initial susceptibility studies of Bilophila wadsworthia indicated significant resistance to several beta-lactam antibiotics, including imipenem and cefoxitin. NO beta-lactamase production was detected. However, some B. wadsworthia strains may grow as a heavy "haze" at up to the highest concentration of an antibiotic on standard antimicrobial(More)
Bilophila wadsworthia is an anaerobic, gram-negative, asaccharolytic, bile-resistant, catalase-positive bacillus that is usually urease positive and was originally recognized in specimens of peritoneal fluid and tissue from patients with appendicitis. Additional isolations from clinical specimens, including a scrotal abscess, mandibular osteomyelitis,(More)
The penicillin-binding protein (PBP) patterns of six strains of Bilophila wadsworthia were investigated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis and subsequent fluorography of membrane preparations labelled with [3H]benzylpenicillin. The PBP profiles among the strains were similar; generally, seven to nine PBP-reactive bands(More)
Recent advancements in chemotaxonomic and molecular biology-based identification methods have clarified the taxonomy of the genus Actinomyces and have led to the recognition of several new Actinomyces and related species. Actinomyces-like gram-positive rods have increasingly been isolated from various clinical specimens. Thus, an easily accessible scheme(More)
The Anoxomat system provides an automated evacuation-replacement technique to create an anaerobic or microaerophilic environment in a jar. We evaluated the Anoxomat system for the growth of obligate anaerobes and for the recovery of anaerobic organisms from clinical specimens, and compared its performance to that of an anaerobic chamber and the GasPak(More)