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The effects of a 3-month physical training programme on airway inflammation and clinical outcomes were studied in school-aged children with asthma. Subjects with persistent allergic asthma (aged 12.7+/-3.4 yrs; n = 34) were randomly allocated into training and control groups. Exercise consisted of twice-weekly 50-min sessions for 12 weeks. Inflammation was(More)
This study examines the validity of a survey instrument on near-miss obstetric complications. Three groups of women--with severe complications, with mild complications, and with a normal delivery--were identified retrospectively in three hospitals in South Benin and interviewed at home. The concept of "near-miss" was used to identify women with severe(More)
The aims of the this prospective study were to analyse physical activity (PA) engagement during the first and second trimesters, considering the different guidelines published on PA, to document the individual characteristics associated with the accomplishment of these guidelines and to examine pregnant women's perceived barriers to leisure PA, using a(More)
The techniques used to prepare bovine spermatozoa for in vitro fertilization, to enhance the percentage of motile sperm cells include the swim-up (SU) method, among others. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the phosphatidylserine (PS) translocation and plasma membrane integrity as the indicator of apoptosis and necrosis in post-thaw bull(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome, a predecessor of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, has become prevalent in adolescents. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components and to analyze the relationship between metabolic syndrome and overall physical fitness levels in a sample of Azorean adolescents. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND There is a reason to believe that physical environments variables play an especially important role in the level of physical activity. Few studies have examined the association between environmental variables and level of physical activity in adolescents. OBJECTIVES This study aims were: (1) to evaluate differences in perceived neighborhood(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the weekday patterns of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in school children and adolescents and determine if there are periods of the day that are representative of their typical MVPA. The sample comprised 84 subjects (boys, n = 30; girls, n = 54), age 8-15 years old. Daily totals for the physical(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between sexual maturation (SM), and the prevalence of overweight among boys and girls. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The sample of this cross-sectional study included 819 children and adolescents (382 boys and 437 girls), aged 10-15 years old randomly selected from 30 schools in the Porto region.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and diet have been involved as significant factors towards the prevention of cardio-metabolic diseases. This study aimed to assess the impact of the combined associations of CRF and adherence to the Southern European Atlantic Diet (SEADiet) on the clustering of metabolic risk factors in adolescents. (More)
AIM Precise measures of habitual physical activity are necessary in studies designed to: 1) document the frequency and distribution of physical activity in defined population groups; 2) determine the amount or dose of physical activity requires to influence specific health parameters. The purpose of this study was to document the age and gender-related(More)