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To compare the efficacy of digital rectal examination and serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the early detection of prostate cancer, we conducted a prospective clinical trial at 6 university centers of 6,630 male volunteers 50 years old or older who underwent PSA determination (Hybritech Tandom-E or Tandem-R assays) and digital rectal examination.(More)
CONTEXT The percentage of free prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in serum has been shown to enhance the specificity of PSA testing for prostate cancer detection, but earlier studies provided only preliminary cutoffs for clinical use. OBJECTIVE To develop risk assessment guidelines and a cutoff value for defining abnormal percentage of free PSA in a(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether the use of the free-to-total PSA ratio (percent free PSA) could increase the specificity of PSA testing for prostate cancer detection in men with serum PSA concentrations between 4.0 and 10.0 ng/mL, and to assess the influence of total PSA, prostate volume, and age on percent free PSA. METHODS Sera were obtained from 217(More)
PURPOSE Prostate specific antigen (PSA) exists in bound (complexed) and unbound (free) forms in serum. The percentage of free PSA enhances the specificity of PSA testing for prostate cancer detection. We evaluated the use of percent free PSA preoperatively to predict pathological stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 379 men with prostate cancer and 394(More)
Anemia of chronic disease (ACD) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are the most prevalent forms of anemia and often occur concurrently. Standard tests of iron status used in differential diagnosis are affected by inflammation, hindering clinical interpretation. In contrast, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) indicates iron deficiency and is unaffected by(More)
OBJECTIVES Various methods have been proposed to increase the specificity of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), including age-specific PSA reference ranges, PSA density (PSAD), and percent free PSA (%fPSA). In this multicenter study, we compared these methods for their utility in cancer detection and their ability to predict pathologic stage after radical(More)
OBJECTIVES In predominately white populations, measurement of the percentage of free prostate-specific antigen (%fPSA) has been shown to enhance the specificity of total PSA testing for prostate cancer while maintaining high sensitivity and to aid in prostate cancer staging. This study evaluated whether the %fPSA cutoff that maintained a 95% sensitivity in(More)
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder, affecting over 100 million adults. Untreated OSA leads to serious health consequences and perturbations in endocrine, immune, inflammatory, and metabolic systems. Study objectives are to evaluate the association between OSA and biomarkers, and to test the hypothesis that a combination(More)
We present the results of a prospective multicenter clinical trial of nearly 5,000 men in which prostate specific antigen (PSA) density was compared to the serum PSA concentration alone for early detection of prostate cancer. All men were evaluated with PSA and digital rectal examination. If PSA was elevated (greater than 4 ng./ml., Hybritech Tandem assay)(More)
PURPOSE We reviewed the use of percent free prostate specific antigen (PSA) to enhance specificity of PSA testing and aid in the discrimination of benign and malignant prostate disease. We present proposed percent free PSA cut points and probability factors, and discuss factors that are believed to affect study outcomes and conclusions. MATERIALS AND(More)