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Salamander limb regeneration depends on local progenitors whose progeny are recruited to the new limb. We previously identified a Pax7(+) cell population in skeletal muscle whose progeny have the potential to contribute to the regenerating limb. However, the plasticity of individual Pax7(+) cells, as well as their recovery within the new limb, was unclear.(More)
The ability to repeatedly regenerate limbs during the entire lifespan of an animal is restricted to certain salamander species among vertebrates. This ability involves dedifferentiation of post-mitotic cells into progenitors that in turn form new structures. A long-term enigma has been how injury leads to dedifferentiation. Here we show that skeletal muscle(More)
The effects of systemic and intra-accumbens infusion of morphine on the extracellular level of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites, DOPAC and HVA, were investigated in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) of halothane-anaesthetized rats using in vivo microdialysis. Morphine in a dose of 1 or 5 mg/kg i.v. produced a significant increase (60-100% of baseline levels) in(More)
Rats were exposed to increasing concentrations of morphine hydrochloride (up to 0.4 mg/ml) in 5% w/v sucrose solution as their sole source of drinking water. Physical dependence was established as determined by the precipitation of withdrawal behaviour following administration of 1 mg/kg IP naloxone hydrochloride on day 23. The choice between either a 5%(More)
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