Learn More
The phytohormone auxin controls processes such as cell elongation, root hair development and root branching. Tropisms, growth curvatures triggered by gravity, light and touch, are also auxin-mediated responses. Auxin is synthesized in the shoot apex and transported through the stem, but the molecular mechanism of auxin transport is not well understood.(More)
Accumulation of misfolded protein in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) triggers an adaptive stress response-termed the unfolded protein response (UPR)-mediated by the ER transmembrane protein kinase and endoribonuclease inositol-requiring enzyme-1alpha (IRE1alpha). We investigated UPR signaling events in mice in the absence of the proapoptotic BCL-2 family(More)
The NPH1 gene of Arabidopsis thaliana encodes a 120-kilodalton serine-threonine protein kinase hypothesized to function as a photoreceptor for phototropism. When expressed in insect cells, the NPH1 protein is phosphorylated in response to blue light irradiation. The biochemical and photochemical properties of the photosensitive protein reflect those of the(More)
The balance and distribution of epithelial cell types is required to maintain tissue homeostasis. A hallmark of airway diseases is epithelial remodeling, leading to increased goblet cell numbers and an overproduction of mucus. In the conducting airway, basal cells act as progenitors for both secretory and ciliated cells. To identify mechanisms regulating(More)
The aberrant activation of tyrosine kinases represents an important oncogenic mechanism, and yet the majority of such events remain undiscovered. Here we describe a bead-based method for detecting phosphorylation of both wild-type and mutant tyrosine kinases in a multiplexed, high-throughput and low-cost manner. With the aim of establishing a tyrosine(More)
Microbial translocation is defined as the passage of viable microbes from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to extraintestinal sites, such as the mesenteric lymph node (MLN), spleen, liver, kidneys, and blood. The ability of orally administered viable Saccharomyces boulardii to inhibit Candida albicans translocation from the GI tract was tested in(More)
The potency of venom from Bracon hebetor against lepidopterous larvae has been known for over 40 years, but previous attempts to purify and characterize individual protein toxins have been largely unsuccessful. Three protein toxins were purified from venom of this small parasitic wasp and the amino acid sequences of 22-31 consecutive residues at the(More)
Better understanding of the mechanisms of the development of subacute bacterial endocarditis following stomatological procedures in the patient with heart disease implies the more rational use of prophylactic measures. Preventive antibiotics, often given empirically, decrease the unavoidable bacteremia threshold and hence the threat of endocarditis. After(More)
  • 1