Learn More
Activated microglia surrounding amyloid beta-containing senile plaques synthesize interleukin-1, an inflammatory cytokine that has been postulated to contribute to Alzheimer's disease pathology. Studies have demonstrated that amyloid beta treatment causes increased cytokine release in microglia and related cell cultures. The present work evaluates the(More)
Several syndromes characterized by striking eosinophilia may be complicated by thrombosis. The experiments described indicate that, paradoxically, eosinophils and certain of their constituents inhibit the activation of Hageman factor (HF, factor XII). In earlier studies, suspensions of mixed types of granulocytes, other nucleated peripheral blood cells, and(More)
Endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) is the most common childhood cancer in equatorial Africa and is linked to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Plasmodium falciparum coinfections early in life. Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1) is the sole viral latent antigen expressed in BL tumors. Loss of EBNA1-specific immune surveillance could allow eBL emergence.(More)
Long-term planning to prevent malaria epidemics requires in-depth understanding of immunity to Plasmodium falciparum in areas of unstable transmission. Cytokine responses to immunodominant epitope peptides from liver stage antigen 1 (LSA-1) and thrombospondin-related adhesive protein (TRAP) were evaluated over a nine-month interval in adults and children in(More)
Naturally acquired immunity to Plasmodium falciparum malaria in malaria holoendemic areas is characterized by the gradual, age-related development of protection against high-density parasitemia and clinical malaria. Animal studies, and less commonly, observations of humans with malaria, suggest that T-cell responses are important in the development and(More)
Amyloid precursor protein forms that contain Kunitz protease inhibitor domains are released from activated platelets, T-lymphocytes, and leukocytes and inhibit trypsin, plasmin, and activated factor XI. We investigated the effects of amyloid precursor protein isoforms on activated Hageman factor (factor XII), activated factor X (Stuart factor), and(More)
The stability of anti-malarial immunity will influence the interpretation of immunologic endpoints during malaria vaccine trials conducted in endemic areas. Therefore, we evaluated cytokine responses to Plasmodium falciparum liver stage antigen-1 (LSA-1) and thrombospondin-related adhesive protein (TRAP) by Kenyans from a holoendemic area at a 9-month(More)
Coinfection with Plasmodium falciparum malaria and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a major risk factor for endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL), still one of the most prevalent pediatric cancers in equatorial Africa. Although malaria infection has been associated with immunosuppression, the precise mechanisms that contribute to EBV-associated lymphomagenesis remain(More)
Our laboratory has routinely used the methodologies described here to characterize the effects of fibrillar A beta and amylin on cytokine synthesis and secretion by LPS-differentiated THP-1 cells. Because LPS-treated THP-1 cells resemble macrophage and microglia, this assay system represents an in vitro model of the potential interactions between A(More)
As noted in the introductory chapters of this book, neuritic plaques composed of accumulated amyloid β (Aβ) peptide are a hallmark pathological feature of the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. Compelling genetic data now implicate these plaques as key causative agents in AD onset, as all known mutations that lead to early onset familial AD (1-6) result in an(More)