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Cofactor engineering, defined as the purposeful modification of the pool of intracellular cofactors, has been demonstrated to be a very suitable strategy for the improvement of L(-)-carnitine production in Escherichia coli strains. The overexpression of CaiB (CoA-transferase) and CaiC (CoA-ligase), both enzymes involved in coenzyme A transfer and substrate(More)
Based on experimental data from E. coli cultures, we have devised a mathematical model in the GMA-power law formalism that describes the central and L-carnitine metabolism in and between two steady states, non-osmotic and hyperosmotic (0.3 M NaCl). A key feature of this model is the introduction of type of kinetic order, the osmotic stress kinetic orders(More)
AIMS Characterization of the role of CaiC in the biotransformation of trimethylammonium compounds into l(-)-carnitine in Escherichia coli. METHODS AND RESULTS The caiC gene was cloned and overexpressed in E. coli and its effect on the production of l(-)-carnitine was analysed. Betaine:CoA ligase and CoA transferase activities were analysed in cell free(More)
BACKGROUND L(-)-carnitine production has been widely studied because of its beneficial properties on various diseases and dysfunctions. Enterobacteria possess a specific biotransformation pathway which can be used for the enantioselective production of L(-)-carnitine. Although bioprocesses catalyzed by enzymes or whole cells can overcome the lack of(More)
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