Paula Abate

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We recently observed that naloxone, a non-specific opioid antagonist, attenuated operant responding to ethanol in infant rats. Through the use of an operant conditioning technique, we aimed to analyze the specific participation of mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors on ethanol reinforcement during the second postnatal week. In Experiment 1, infant rats(More)
BACKGROUND Rat fetuses seem to be capable of associative learning mediated through alcohol's unconditioned properties. The newborn's suckling response immediately after birth is dependent on olfactory stimuli present in the fetal milieu and/or odorants perceived immediately after birth. The present study analyzed the impact of olfactory fetal learning(More)
BACKGROUND Infant rats express conditioned responses to an odor experienced prenatally as a chemosensory cue associated with moderate alcohol intoxication. This study examined postnatal intake of a chemosensory cue (cineole) that had been paired with alcohol's unconditioned effects. It also tested the interaction between prenatal association and postnatal(More)
The present study tested the involvement of the opioid system in the acquisition and expression of prenatal ethanol-related memories. We evaluated how this prenatal experience modulates ethanol self-administration in newborn rats, and preweanling's ingestion of the drug. During Gestational Days (GDs) 17-20, four groups of dams were treated with ethanol (2(More)
BACKGROUND Prenatal exposure to moderate ethanol doses during late gestation modifies postnatal ethanol palatability and ingestion. The use of Pavlovian associative procedures has indicated that these prenatal experiences broaden the range of ethanol doses capable of supporting appetitive conditioning. Recently, a novel operant technique aimed at analyzing(More)
Animal studies indicate that central acetaldehyde, dependent on catalase metabolism of ethanol (EtOH), modulates ethanol reinforcement. Brain catalase activity and acetaldehyde (ACD) production are significantly higher in rat pups compare d with adults. Interestingly, infant rats show high EtOH affinity for alcohol consumption and are particularly sensitive(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to analyze whether alcohol as an unconditioned stimulus is capable of supporting associative learning in near-term fetuses. METHODS In experiment 1, we determined pharmacokinetic profiles of alcohol and of an aromatic substance (cineole) in amniotic fluid and maternal blood during late gestation. The results(More)
Near-term fetuses of different mammalian species, including humans, exhibit functional sensory and learning capabilities. The neurobiological literature indicates that the unborn organism processes sensory stimuli present in the amniotic fluid, retains this information for considerable amounts of time, and is also capable of associating such stimuli with(More)
Animals exposed to chronic maternal separation (MS) exhibit enhanced ethanol self-administration and greater hormonal and behavioral responsiveness to stress in adulthood. Whether the effects of MS are immediately evident in infancy or whether they appear only later on development is still an unanswered question This study tested sensitivity to ethanol's(More)
The endogenous opioid system is involved in ethanol reinforcement. Ethanol-induced changes in opioidergic transmission have been extensively studied in adult organisms. However, the impact of ethanol exposure at low or moderate doses during early ontogeny has been barely explored. We investigated the effect of prenatal ethanol exposure on alcohol intake and(More)