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A simple method to measure cytosolic calcium binding in intact presynaptic nerve terminals (synaptosomes) from rat brain, which is based on the simultaneous determination of [Ca2+]i and total [45Ca2+] in quin2-loaded synaptosomes undergoing a switch from high- to low-calcium containing medium, is presented. Binding to the cytosolic compartment alone was(More)
It has long been known that pyruvate is essential for survival of prenatal neurons in culture. To understand the role of exogenous pyruvate in neuronal calcium homeostasis, we have investigated the effects of pyruvate (plus malate) addition to dissociated adult rat hippocampal and cerebral cortex cells and cultured CNS neurons having an unrestricted glucose(More)
A preparation of acutely dissociated brain cells derived from adult (3-month-old) rat has been developed under conditions preserving the metabolic integrity of the cells and the function of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. The effects of glutamate and NMDA on [Ca2+]i measured with fluo3 and 45Ca2+ uptake have been studied on preparations derived from(More)
Multidrug efflux pumps constitute a group of transporters that are ubiquitously found in any organism. In addition to other functions with relevance for the cell physiology, efflux pumps contribute to the resistance to compounds used for treating different diseases, including resistance to anticancer drugs, antibiotics or antifungal compounds. In the case(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae CECT1389 secreted an extracellular endopolygalacturonase (EC when grown in shake flasks in medium containing galactose alone, or either galactose and polygalacturonic acid or galactose and galacturonic acid as the carbon sources. The synthesis of the enzyme was repressed by glucose and by high oxygen tensions. The enzyme(More)
BACKGROUND Fabry disease results from deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A (AGA), causing lysosomal storage of globotriaosylceramide in heart and other tissues. Since 2003, enzymatic replacement therapy with recombinant AGA agalsidase alfa (R-AGA) was approved for clinical use. METHODS We evaluated whether, in mice knocked out for AGA (FM, n = 31), the(More)
AIM The aim of this work was the construction of an oenological Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain able to overexpress the PGU1 gene in order to be used in trial fermentations. METHODS AND RESULTS The recombinant strain is able to secrete an active endopolygalacturonase into the medium leaving its fermentation ability essentially unchanged. Wines obtained(More)
A structural polygalacturonase-encoding gene (PGU1) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae IM1-8b was cloned and sequenced. The predicted protein comprises 361 amino acids, with a signal peptide between residues 1 and 18 and two potential glycosylation points in residues 318 and 330. The putative active site is a conserved histidine in position 222. This(More)
A flocculation conferring gene was cloned from a genomic library of the flocculating strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae IM1-8b as a 5 kb DNA fragment. The shortest DNA fragment (XbaI-XbaI) able to confer the flocculating phenotype was 3.1 kb. Southern analysis revealed that this gene was not homologous to the already reported FLO1 gene since strong(More)
The genetic determination of polygalacturonase (PG) production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was studied by biochemical and classical genetic techniques. Crosses of PG+ strains with PG- strains showed that in the haploid wild-type-derived strain, two structural genes were involved in the production of a hydrolysis halo on plates with polygalacturonic acid.(More)