Paul van Hecke

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We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to explore, in individual subjects, the properties of the kinetic occipital (KO) region, which previous position emission tomography studies have shown to be involved in the processing of kinetic boundaries. The KO region was significantly activated in 23/25 subjects tested in the subtraction of uniform motion(More)
We used fMRI to directly compare the neural substrates of three-dimensional (3-D) shape and motion processing for realistic textured objects rotating in depth. Subjects made judgments about several different attributes of these objects, including 3-D shape, the 3-D motion, and the scale of surface texture. For all of these tasks, we equated visual input,(More)
Whereas behavioral studies have made significant contributions toward the identification of the principles governing the coordination of limb movements, little is known about the role of higher brain areas that are involved in interlimb coordination. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to reveal the brain areas activated during the(More)
To obtain further evidence for the functional specialization and task-dependent processing in the human visual system, we used positron emission tomography to compare regional cerebral blood flow in two direction discrimination tasks and four control tasks. The stimulus configuration, which was identical in all tasks, included the motion of a random dot(More)
It is commonly agreed that a functional dissociation with respect to the internal vs external control of movements exists for several brain regions. This has, however, only been tested in relation to the timing and preparation of motor responses, but not to ongoing movement control. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the present study(More)
1. We investigated the effect of oral creatine supplementation during leg immobilization and rehabilitation on muscle volume and function, and on myogenic transcription factor expression in human subjects. 2. A double-blind trial was performed in young healthy volunteers (n = 22). A cast was used to immobilize the right leg for 2 weeks. Thereafter the(More)
The effects of oral creatine supplementation on muscle phosphocreatine (PCr) concentration, muscle strength, and body composition were investigated in young female volunteers (n = 19) during 10 wk of resistance training (3 h/wk). Compared with placebo, 4 days of high-dose creatine intake (20 g/day) increased (P < 0.05) muscle PCr concentration by 6%.(More)
Motor skill acquisition is associated with the development of automaticity and induces neuroplastic changes in the brain. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the present study traced learning-related activation changes during the acquisition of a new complex bimanual skill, requiring a difficult spatio-temporal relationship between the(More)
Periventricular white matter injury (PWI) is a major form of brain injury observed in congenital hemiparesis. The aim of this study is to determine the usefulness of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and fibre tracking in delineating the primary and secondary degenerative changes in cerebral white matter and deep grey matter in patients with spastic cerebral(More)
In the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we assessed the neural network governing bimanual coordination during manipulations of spatiotemporal complexity and cycling frequency. A parametric analysis was applied to determine the effects of each of both factors as well as their interaction. Subjects performed four different cyclical(More)