Paul de Figueiredo

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The pathogen Agrobacterium tumefaciens infects a broad range of plants, introducing the T-DNA into their genome. Contrary to all known bacterial phytopathogens, A. tumefaciens lacks the hypersensitive response-inducing hrp genes, although it introduces numerous proteins into the plant cell through a type IV secretion system. To understand the timing and(More)
We report here that a broad spectrum of phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) antagonists produce a concentration-dependent, differential block in the endocytic recycling pathway of transferrin (Tf) and Tf receptors (TfRs) but have no acute affect on Tf uptake from the cell surface. At low concentrations of antagonists (approximately 1 microm), Tf and TfR accumulated(More)
Although membrane tubules can be found extending from, and associated with, the Golgi complex of eukaryotic cells, their physiological function has remained unclear. To gain insight into the biological significance of membrane tubules, we have developed methods for selectively preventing their formation. We show here that a broad range of phospholipase A2(More)
Membrane tubules of uniform diameter (60-80 nm) and various lengths (up to several micrometers) emanate from elements of the Golgi stack and trans Golgi network (TGN). These organelle membrane tubules are thought to be involved in membrane trafficking and maintenance of Golgi/TGN architecture. The number of these tubules, and their frequency of formation,(More)
Brucella species are facultative intracellular bacterial pathogens that cause brucellosis, a global zoonosis of profound importance. Although recent studies have demonstrated that Brucella spp. replicate within an intracellular compartment that contains endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident proteins, the molecular mechanisms by which the pathogen secures this(More)
Eukaryotic cells contain a variety of cytoplasmic Ca(2+)-dependent and Ca(2+)-independent phospholipase A2s (PLA2s; EC 2.3.1.2.3). However, the physiological roles for many of these ubiquitously-expressed enzymes is unclear or not known. Recently, pharmacological studies have suggested a role for Ca(2+)-independent PLA2 (iPLA2) enzymes in governing(More)
Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are remarkable "green energy" devices that exploit microbes to generate electricity from organic compounds. MFC devices currently being used and studied do not generate sufficient power to support widespread and cost-effective applications. Hence, research has focused on strategies to enhance the power output of the MFC devices,(More)
Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) have generated excitement in environmental and bioenergy communities due to their potential for coupling wastewater treatment with energy generation and powering diverse devices. The pursuit of strategies such as improving microbial cultivation practices and optimizing MFC devices has increased power generating capacities of(More)