Paul Wrede

Learn More
BACKGROUND Animal faeces comprise a community of many different microorganisms including bacteria and viruses. Only scarce information is available about the diversity of viruses present in the faeces of pigs. Here we describe a protocol, which was optimized for the purification of the total fraction of viral particles from pig faeces. The genomes of the(More)
An in silico ADME/Tox prediction tool based on substructural analysis has been developed. The tool called SUBSTRUCT has been used to predict CNS activity. Data sets with CNS active and nonactive drugs were extracted from the World Drug Index (WDI). The SUBSTRUCT program predicts CNS activity as good as a much more complicated artificial neural network(More)
Designed peptides that bind to major histocompatibility protein I (MHC-I) allomorphs bear the promise of representing epitopes that stimulate a desired immune response. A rigorous bioinformatical exploration of sequence patterns hidden in peptides that bind to the mouse MHC-I allomorph H-2K(b) is presented. We exemplify and validate these motif findings by(More)
The potential of artificial neural filter systems for feature extraction from amino acid sequences is discussed. Analysis of signal peptidase I cleavage-sites in protein precursor sequences serves as an example application. Trained neural networks can be used as the fitness function in an evolutionary protein design cycle termed 'simulated molecular(More)
An aqueous solubility model has been developed. The model is based solely on one- and two-dimensional descriptors and an artificial neural network to ensure fast execution. 63 descriptors expressing physicochemical and topological properties were used. The final model consisted of a training set of 3042 molecules, a test set of 309 molecules and an(More)
The enteropathogenic coronavirus transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) causes severe disease in young piglets. We have studied the protective effects of the probiotic Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 (E. faecium), which is approved as a feed additive in the European Union, against TGEV infection. E. faecium was added to swine testicle (ST) cells(More)
Experimental results are presented for 180 in silico designed octapeptide sequences and their stabilizing effects on the major histocompatibility class I molecule H-2K(b). Peptide sequence design was accomplished by a combination of an ant colony optimization algorithm with artificial neural network classifiers. Experimental tests yielded nine H-2K(b)(More)
Identification of molecular features that determine peptide interaction with major histocompatibility complex I (MHC I) is essential for vaccine development. We have developed a concept for peptide design by combining an agent-based artificial ant system with artificial neural networks. A jury of feedforward networks classifies octapeptides that are(More)
The control of infectious diseases such as swine influenza viruses (SwIV) plays an important role in food production both from the animal health and from the public health point of view. Probiotic microorganisms and other health improving food supplements have been given increasing attention in recent years, but, no information on the effects of probiotics(More)