Paul Woafo

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We study the spatiotemporal dynamics of a ring of diffusely coupled single-well Duffing oscillators. The transitions from spatiotemporal chaos to cluster and complete synchronization states are particularly investigated, as well as the Hopf bifurcations to instability. It is found that the underlying mechanism of these transitions relies on the motion of(More)
This paper considers the synchronization dynamics in a ring of four mutually coupled biological systems described by coupled Van der Pol oscillators. The coupling parameter are non-identical between oscillators. The stability boundaries of the process are first evaluated without the influence of the local injection using the eigenvalues properties and the(More)
We consider the problem of stability and duration of the synchronization process between self-excited oscillators, both in their regular and chaotic states. Making use of the properties of Hill equation describing the deviation between the slave and the master, we derive the stability conditions and expressions of the synchronization time. A fairly good(More)
It is shown, by means of numerical simulations, that intercellular spiral waves of calcium can be initiated in a network of coupled cells as a result of a de-synchronization between Ca 2+ oscillations in two domains. No artificial heterogeneities need to be imposed to the system for spontaneous formation of spiral waves. The de-synchronization occurs near(More)
We study a two-dimensional reaction-diffusion equation for calcium oscillation with a pacemaker region. When the pacemaker entrains the whole system, circular waves are observed as a target pattern. However, if the pace of the pacemaker is too fast, the pulse propagation to the outer region sometimes fails in a chaotic manner. We find that spiral waves are(More)
In this paper, we consider the spatiotemporal dynamics in a ring of N mutually coupled self-sustained oscillators in the regular state. When there are no parameter mismatches, the good coupling parameters leading to full, partial, and no synchronization are derived using the properties of the variational equations of stability. The effects of the spatial(More)