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Astrocytomas are among the most common brain tumors that are usually fatal in their malignant form. They appear to progress without significant impedance from the immune system, despite the presence of intratumoral T cell infiltration. To date, this has been thought to be the result of T cell immunosuppression induced by astrocytoma-derived cytokines. Here,(More)
Expression of tissue-specific homing molecules directs antigen-experienced T cells to particular peripheral tissues. In studies using soluble antigens that focused on skin and gut, antigen-presenting cells (APCs) within regional lymphoid tissues were proposed to be responsible for imprinting homing phenotypes. Whether this occurs in other sites and after(More)
In the modern literature on game theory there are several versions of what is known as Zermelo’s theorem. It is shown that most of these modern statements of Zermelo’s theorem bear only a partial relationship to what Zermelo really did. We also give a short survey and discussion of the closely related but almost unknown work by König (1927, Acta Sci. Math.(More)
Peptides presented at the cell surface reflect the protein content of the cell; those on HLA class I molecules comprise the critical peptidome elements interacting with CD8 T lymphocytes. We hypothesize that peptidomes from ex vivo tumour samples encompass immunogenic tumour antigens. Here, we uncover >6000 HLA-bound peptides from HLA-A*02(+) glioblastoma,(More)
Immunosuppressive soluble factors such as transforming growth factor beta and cell surface molecules such as FasL may contribute to the immune evasion of malignant glioma. B7 homolog 1 is a member of the B7 family of costimulatory molecules implicated in the negative regulation of T cell immune responses. Here, we show that human glioma cell lines express(More)
Toll-like receptor (TLR)3 ligands serve as natural inducers of pro-inflammatory cytokines capable of promoting Type-1 adaptive immunity, and TLR3 is abundantly expressed by cells within the central nervous system (CNS). To improve the efficacy of vaccine strategies directed against CNS tumors, we evaluated whether administration of a TLR3 ligand,(More)
A study was carried out to assess the efficacy of a new transdermal preparation of glyceryl trinitrate (Transiderm-Nitro 5) in the 24 hour prophylaxis of angina and to determine the duration of effect of a single patch application. Twelve men with chronic stable angina were studied in a randomised, placebo controlled, double blind trial. By serial treadmill(More)
Immune infiltration of advanced human gliomas has been shown, but it is doubtful whether these immune cells affect tumor progression. It could be hypothesized that this infiltrate reflects recently recruited immune cells that are immediately overwhelmed by a high tumor burden. Alternatively, if there is earlier immune detection and infiltration of the(More)
BACKGROUND Oncology nurses may be influential for providing physical activity guidance to cancer patients. OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were to examine physical activity promotion practices of oncology nurses and to explore nurses' perceived benefits of physical activity for cancer patients and barriers to physical activity promotion. METHODS(More)