Paul W. Zarutskie

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Performance of spermatozoa in a hamster oocyte/human sperm penetration assay (SPA) was correlated with the results of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Forty-two patients underwent 50 IVF cycles. SPA scores were obtained before IVF cycles (screening SPA, n = 30) and, where practical, on the semen sample used for IVF (IVF SPA, n = 26). Screening SPA score did(More)
This report describes a donor in a therapeutic donor insemination program who asymptomatically acquired a primary herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection from his long-standing sexual partner. His fresh semen was used to inseminate two HSV-seronegative recipients; in one a primary HSV-2 infection developed, and in one it did not. Direct evidence of(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform an analysis of data with consideration for the current clinically accepted vaginal progesterone (P) or intramuscular (IM) P dosing regimens and the clinically relevant randomized clinical trials published during the time frame 1992 to 2008. DESIGN Meta-analysis of progesterone luteal support in IVF cycles using odds ratios (OR) and(More)
Bacteria can be isolated from most seminal fluid samples, but the significance of these microorganisms is uncertain because most men lack symptoms associated with bacterial infection of the reproductive tract. We obtained semen samples from 37 men attending a Special Infertility Clinic and assessed the relationship between seminal fluid microorganisms and(More)
In Kartagener's syndrome (KS), primary defects of the ciliary axoneme cause dyskinetic ciliary motion. Because ciliary motion is an important factor in normal ovum transport, ciliary dyskinesia may cause infertility. On the other hand, the existence of some ciliary activity, albeit abnormal, may account for fertility in some women with KS. In this case(More)
This investigation examines the hormone pattern in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles from the time of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration through embryo transfer to ascertain whether the absolute levels or secretory patterns of the major reproductive hormones affect the IVF pregnancy rate. Thirty-one women who underwent IVF treatment were(More)
Clinical and laboratory attempts to alter the sex ratio require more complete and thorough study. Improved identification of Y-bearing sperm through chromosome evaluation rather than by F-body identification is critical to provide a more precise definition. The tentative conclusions stated below are based on an assessment of literature from which it is(More)
A potentially important event during sperm capacitation is the loss of sperm membrane cholesterol. Although the exact mechanisms mediating this loss are not known, albumin and high density lipoprotein have been proposed as lipid acceptors. The authors propose that lipid transfer may be involved in capacitation as a specific mediator in the sequence of(More)
Endotoxin is the lipopolysaccharide portion of the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria. It is released into surrounding media following natural autolysis or artificial disruption of the cell and is capable of inducing cellular damage in a variety of structures: hydration of the endoplasmic reticulum, damage to the mitochondrial cristae, or ribosomal(More)
Oocyte maturation (meiosis reinitiation) in starfish is induced by the natural hormone 1-methyladenine (1-MeAde). Oocytes of Evasterias troschelii contain 0.43 pmole cyclic AMP/mg protein and 0.47 pmole cyclic GMP/mg protein. Upon stimulation by 1-MeAde the oocytes undergo a moderate (10-30%) decrease in their cAMP concentration. The concentration of cGMP(More)