Paul W Zarutskie

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Performance of spermatozoa in a hamster oocyte/human sperm penetration assay (SPA) was correlated with the results of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Forty-two patients underwent 50 IVF cycles. SPA scores were obtained before IVF cycles (screening SPA, n = 30) and, where practical, on the semen sample used for IVF (IVF SPA, n = 26). Screening SPA score did(More)
Bacteria can be isolated from most seminal fluid samples, but the significance of these microorganisms is uncertain because most men lack symptoms associated with bacterial infection of the reproductive tract. We obtained semen samples from 37 men attending a Special Infertility Clinic and assessed the relationship between seminal fluid microorganisms and(More)
This investigation examines the hormone pattern in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles from the time of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration through embryo transfer to ascertain whether the absolute levels or secretory patterns of the major reproductive hormones affect the IVF pregnancy rate. Thirty-one women who underwent IVF treatment were(More)
This report describes a donor in a therapeutic donor insemination program who asymptomatically acquired a primary herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection from his long-standing sexual partner. His fresh semen was used to inseminate two HSV-seronegative recipients; in one a primary HSV-2 infection developed, and in one it did not. Direct evidence of(More)
In Kartagener's syndrome (KS), primary defects of the ciliary axoneme cause dyskinetic ciliary motion. Because ciliary motion is an important factor in normal ovum transport, ciliary dyskinesia may cause infertility. On the other hand, the existence of some ciliary activity, albeit abnormal, may account for fertility in some women with KS. In this case(More)
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) enables profiling of embryos for genetic disorders prior to implantation. The majority of PGD testing is restricted in the scope of variants assayed or by the availability of extended family members. While recent advances in single cell sequencing show promise, they remain limited by bias in DNA amplification and the(More)
In order to study the effects of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) on differentiation of granulosa cells, a well-defined and validated in-vitro culture system is indispensable. In this study, pooled follicular aspirates were stimulated in vitro with FSH and luteinizing hormone (LH) for 2, 4 and 6 days, either immediately after plating or after 7 days of(More)
Oocyte maturation (meiosis reinitiation) in starfish is induced by the natural hormone 1-methyladenine (1-MeAde). Oocytes of Evasterias troschelii contain 0.43 pmole cyclic AMP/mg protein and 0.47 pmole cyclic GMP/mg protein. Upon stimulation by 1-MeAde the oocytes undergo a moderate (10-30%) decrease in their cAMP concentration. The concentration of cGMP(More)
A potentially important event during sperm capacitation is the loss of sperm membrane cholesterol. Although the exact mechanisms mediating this loss are not known, albumin and high density lipoprotein have been proposed as lipid acceptors. The authors propose that lipid transfer may be involved in capacitation as a specific mediator in the sequence of(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform an analysis of data with consideration for the current clinically accepted vaginal progesterone (P) or intramuscular (IM) P dosing regimens and the clinically relevant randomized clinical trials published during the time frame 1992 to 2008. DESIGN Meta-analysis of progesterone luteal support in IVF cycles using odds ratios (OR) and(More)