Paul W. Weber

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Cetaceans evolved flippers that are unique in both size and shape probably due to selection pressures associated with foraging and body size. Flippers function as control surfaces for maneuverability and stability. Flippers of cetaceans and engineered hydrofoils are similar with streamlined cross-sections and wing-like planforms, which affect lift, drag and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of varying volumes and rates of contrast material, use of a saline chaser, and cardiac output on aortic enhancement characteristics in MDCT angiography (MDCTA) using a physiologic phantom. MATERIALS AND METHODS Volumes of 75, 100, and 125 mL of iopamidol, 370 mg I/mL, were administered at rates(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of the contrast medium (CM) concentration and the saline chaser volume and injection rate on first-pass aortic enhancement characteristics in contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography using a physiologic flow phantom. MATERIALS AND METHODS Imaging was performed on a 3.0-T magnetic resonance system (MAGNETOM Trio,(More)
Cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises) have evolved flippers that aid in effective locomotion through their aquatic environments. Differing evolutionary pressures upon cetaceans, including hunting and feeding requirements, and other factors such as animal mass and size have resulted in flippers that are unique among each species. Cetacean flippers may(More)
The humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) is exceptional among the large baleen whales in its ability to undertake aquabatic maneuvers to catch prey. Humpback whales utilize extremely mobile, wing-like flippers for banking and turning. Large rounded tubercles along the leading edge of the flipper are morphological structures that are unique in nature. The(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare a standard peripheral end-hole angiocatheter with those modified with side holes or side slits using experimental optical techniques to qualitatively compare the contrast material exit jets and using numeric techniques to provide flow visualization and quantitative comparisons. MATERIALS AND METHODS A(More)
omegaWe review the terminology of decompression illness (DCI), investigations of residual symptoms of decompression sickness (DCS), and application of survival analysis for investigating DCI severity and resolution. The Type 1 and Type 2 DCS classifications were introduced in 1960 for compressed air workers and adapted for diving and altitude exposure with(More)
When a phenomenon in nature is mimicked for practical applications, it is often done so in an idealized fashion, such as representing the shape found in nature with convenient, piece-wise smooth mathematical functions. The aim of idealization is to capture the advantageous features of the natural phenomenon without having to exactly replicate it, and it is(More)
We consider the nature and utility of marginal decompression sickness (DCS) events in fitting probabilistic decompression models to experimental dive trial data. Previous works have assigned various fractional weights to marginal DCS events, so that they contributed to probabilistic model parameter optimization, but less so than did full DCS events.(More)
To investigate the nature and mechanisms of decompression sickness (DCS), we developed a system for evaluating the success of decompression models in predicting DCS probability from empirical data. Model parameters were estimated using maximum likelihood techniques. Exact integrals of risk functions and tissue kinetics transition times were derived.(More)