Paul W. S. Heng

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Herbs are often administered in combination with therapeutic drugs, raising the potential of herb-drug interactions. An extensive review of the literature identified reported herb-drug interactions with clinical significance, many of which are from case reports and limited clinical observations. Cases have been published reporting enhanced anticoagulation(More)
Disintegrant is one of the most important components in a typical tablet dosage form. It is responsible for ensuring the break-up of the tablet matrix upon ingestion. Disintegrants act by different mechanisms, and a number of factors may affect their performance. It is important for formulators to understand how disintegrants function so as to be able to(More)
A method based on an emulsification process was developed for the production of calcium alginate microspheres. Isopropyl alcohol and acetone, which are strong dehydrating agents, were used to aid in the hardening and drying of the microspheres. However, the amount of drug encapsulated was very low. This was due to the drug being soluble in the dehydrating(More)
Cone mill was well studied for milling of wet agglomerates. This study evaluated the effects of various process parameters of cone milling roller compacted flakes on the granules produced. Impeller sidearm shapes, screen surface profiles and impeller speeds were studied. Impeller speed was found to play a major role in determining the granule attributes.(More)
Alginates are useful natural polymers suitable for use in the design of pharmaceutical dosage forms. However, the effects of particle size, viscosity and chemical composition of alginates on drug release from alginate matrix tablets are not clearly understood. Hence, 17 grades of sodium alginate with different particle size distributions, viscosities and(More)
The oral cavity is an attractive site for drug delivery due to ease of administration and avoidance of possible drug degradation in gastrointestinal tract and first-pass metabolism. Buccal drug delivery specifically refers to the delivery of drugs within/ through buccal mucosa to affect local/systemic pharmacological actions. This review briefly describes(More)
The use of animals in research has always been a debatable issue. Over the past few decades, efforts have been made to reduce, replace, and refine experiments for ethical use of experimental animals. The use of chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) was one of the proposed alternatives to the Draize rabbit ocular irritation test with several advantages(More)
The effects of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) of different particle size ranges, size distributions and concentrations on the release behaviour of aspirin from a swellable matrix tablet system were studied. A mean HPMC (Methocel K15M Premium) particle size of 113 microm was identified as a critical threshold in this study. Drug release rate increased(More)
This work seeks to explore and demonstrate the functionality of cross-linked polyvinylpyrrolidone (crospovidone) as a spheronization aid and a promising alternative to microcrystalline cellulose (MCC). Pellets were prepared with various grades of crospovidone using both small- and large-scale extrusion–spheronization. A Box-Behnken experimental design was(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) is a potential alternative that is capable of screening test substances for vasoactivity in terms of vessel diameter changes. The CAM was also evaluated as a tool for irritancy screening. METHODS Visual assessment of the CAM for irritancy after the application of the test substance or(More)