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Herbs are often administered in combination with therapeutic drugs, raising the potential of herb-drug interactions. An extensive review of the literature identified reported herb-drug interactions with clinical significance, many of which are from case reports and limited clinical observations. Cases have been published reporting enhanced anticoagulation(More)
Generally discrete and spherical calcium alginate microspheres with a high drug encapsulation efficiency were readily prepared by an emulsification process. They were found to release drug rapidly. In the present study, co-polymer in the form of cellulose derivatives was added to sodium alginate in an attempt to modify the drug release profiles of the(More)
A method based on an emulsification process was developed for the production of calcium alginate microspheres. Isopropyl alcohol and acetone, which are strong dehydrating agents, were used to aid in the hardening and drying of the microspheres. However, the amount of drug encapsulated was very low. This was due to the drug being soluble in the dehydrating(More)
The oral cavity is an attractive site for drug delivery due to ease of administration and avoidance of possible drug degradation in gastrointestinal tract and first-pass metabolism. Buccal drug delivery specifically refers to the delivery of drugs within/ through buccal mucosa to affect local/systemic pharmacological actions. This review briefly describes(More)
Spherical and discrete calcium alginate microspheres had been produced by the emulsification technique. The microencapsulation process was highly efficient, but drug release from microspheres was rapid. A more orderly chain arrangement of the polymeric chains would give rise to a stronger and less permeable matrix capable of sustaining drug release.(More)
The effects of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) of different particle size ranges, size distributions and concentrations on the release behaviour of aspirin from a swellable matrix tablet system were studied. A mean HPMC (Methocel K15M Premium) particle size of 113 microm was identified as a critical threshold in this study. Drug release rate increased(More)
The aim of this study was to utilize high-speed video imaging for understanding the disintegrability of compacts and disintegrant action upon wetting. High-speed video imaging was used to visualize the disintegration of compacts and effect of wetting on free disintegrant particles. Acquired images were processed using MATLAB, and changes in the compact area(More)
Much research has been focused on developing effective drug delivery systems for the preparation of chlorins as potential photosensitizers for PDT. This report describes the evaluation of a new water-soluble formulation of chlorin e6 consisting of a complex of trisodium salt chlorin e6 and polyvinylpyrrolidone (Ce6-PVP) for application in photodynamic(More)
Disintegrant is one of the most important components in a typical tablet dosage form. It is responsible for ensuring the break-up of the tablet matrix upon ingestion. Disintegrants act by different mechanisms, and a number of factors may affect their performance. It is important for formulators to understand how disintegrants function so as to be able to(More)
This study investigated the particle sizes of pelletization aids from the different wet processing steps of extrusion-spheronization, and their influence on rheological and pellet properties. Three commercial microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) grades, three commercial cross-linked polyvinyl pyrrolidone (X-PVP) grades and two agglomerated X-PVP grades(More)