Paul W Hodges

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STUDY DESIGN The contribution of transversus abdominis to spinal stabilization was evaluated indirectly in people with and without low back pain using an experimental model identifying the coordination of trunk muscles in response to a disturbances to the spine produced by arm movement. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the temporal sequence of trunk muscle activity(More)
People move differently in pain. Although this statement is unquestioned, the underlying mechanisms are surprisingly poorly understood. Existing theories are relatively simplistic, and although their predictions are consistent with a range of experimental and clinical observations, there are many observations that cannot be adequately explained. New(More)
Little consensus exists in the literature regarding methods for determination of the onset of electromyographic (EMG) activity. The aim of this study was to compare the relative accuracy of a range of computer-based techniques with respect to EMG onset determined visually by an experienced examiner. Twenty-seven methods were compared which varied in terms(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE The present study compared activity of deep and superficial cervical flexor muscles and craniocervical flexion range of motion during a test of craniocervical flexion between 10 patients with chronic neck pain and 10 controls. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Individuals with chronic neck pain exhibit reduced(More)
Many studies have identified changes in trunk muscle recruitment in clinical low back pain (LBP). However, due to the heterogeneity of the LBP population these changes have been variable and it has been impossible to identify a cause-effect relationship. Several studies have identified a consistent change in the feedforward postural response of transversus(More)
To investigate the ability of ultrasonography to estimate muscle activity, we measured architectural parameters (pennation angles, fascicle lengths, and muscle thickness) of several human muscles (tibialis anterior, biceps brachii, brachialis, transversus abdominis, obliquus internus abdominis, and obliquus externus abdominis) during isometric contractions(More)
The objective of this study was to compare onset of deep and superficial cervical flexor muscle activity during rapid, unilateral arm movements between ten patients with chronic neck pain and 12 control subjects. Deep cervical flexor (DCF) electromyographic activity (EMG) was recorded with custom electrodes inserted via the nose and fixed by suction to the(More)
Many people with recurrent low back pain (LBP) have deficits in postural control of the trunk muscles and this may contribute to the recurrence of pain episodes. However, the neural changes that underlie these motor deficits remain unclear. As the motor cortex contributes to control of postural adjustments, the current study investigated the excitability(More)
Approximately thirty-four percent of people who experience acute low back pain (LBP) will have recurrent episodes. It remains unclear why some people experience recurrences and others do not, but one possible cause is a loss of normal control of the back muscles. We investigated whether the control of the short and long fibres of the deep back muscles was(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare trunk muscle coordination in people with and without low back pain with varying speeds of limb movement. STUDY DESIGN Abdominal and back extensor muscle activity in association with upper limb movement was compared among three speeds of movement and between people with and without low back pain. PARTICIPANTS Fourteen subjects with a(More)