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The response of 835 click-sensitive neurons in the inferior colliculus (IC) to ramp frequency modulated (FM) tones was studied in the anaesthetized rat. More than 70% of the cells were sensitive to the FM sound, and over 25% were “FM specialized”. Systematic variations of the stimulus parameters showed that sweep velocity, sweep range, and intensity of the(More)
The response characteristics to linear frequency sweeps were studied in two groups of FM (frequency modulation) sensitive neurons in the rat inferior colliculus. ‘FM specialized’ cells responded to frequency sweeps but not to pure tones. ‘Mixed’ cells responded to both frequency sweeps and pure tones. FM specialized cells preferred faster and broader sweeps(More)
A method of detecting brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) using adaptive signal enhancement (ASE) is proposed and tested in humans and cats. The ASE in this system estimates the signal component of the primary input, which is correlated with the reference input to the adaptive filter. The reference input is carefully designed to make an optimal and(More)
The paper presents an adaptive Gaussian radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) for rapid estimation of evoked potential (EP). Usually, a recorded EP is severely contaminated by background ongoing activities of the brain. Many approaches have been reported to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the recorded signal. However, non-linear methods(More)
Evoked potentials (EPs) are time-varying signals typically buried in relatively large background noise. To extract the EP more effectively from noise, we had previously developed an approach using an adaptive signal enhancer (ASE) (Chen et al., 1995). ASE requires a proper reference input signal for its optimal performance. Ensemble- and moving(More)
Single unit responses at the auditory midbrain of the anesthetized rat were characterized in terms of spectro-temporal receptive field (STRF) using random frequency modulated (FM) tones and peri-spike averaging. STRFs were obtained from 121 FM-sensitive units covering a wide range of characteristic frequency (CF). Roughly half of the neurons showed clearly(More)
Single units were recorded from the inferior colliculus (IC) of anaesthetized rats in response to: (a) an FM tone, the frequency of which was randomly varied, and (b) a digitized rat vocalization sound. We hypothesized that these neurons may have 'orientation-specific' spectrotemporal receptive field (STRF) that can be used to estimate their responses to(More)
The present paper describes an adaptive signal enhancer (ASE) method for improving signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and also for tracking the variation of brain-stem auditory evoked potential (BAEP). The enhancer has two inputs: a primary input which is the original data to be processed, consisting of signal badly corrupted by noise, and a reference input. A(More)
1. Listeners use direction-dependent spectral cues introduced by the torso, head, and pinnae to localize the source of a sound in space. Among the prominent direction-dependent spectral features in the free field-to-eardrum transfer function are narrow regions of low acoustic energy referred to as spectral notches. In this paper, we studied the sensitivity(More)
1. Sounds reaching the tympanic membranes are first modified by the acoustic properties of the torso, head, and external ear. For certain frequencies in the incident sound there results a complex, direction-dependent spatial distribution of sound pressure at the eardrum such that, within a sound field, localized areas of pressure maxima are flanked by areas(More)