Paul W. Cook

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A novel human keratinocyte-derived autocrine factor (KAF) was purified from conditioned medium by using heparin affinity chromatography as the first step. Purified KAF stimulated the growth of normal human keratinocytes, mouse AKR-2B cells, and a mouse keratinocyte cell line (BALB/MK). Heparin sulfate inhibited KAF mitogenic activity on all cell types(More)
Although originally conceived as a basis for malignant cell growth, autocrine signaling networks are currently known to be activated during tissue repair and with in vitro cultivation. In human epidermal keratinocytes, activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor by cognate ligands mediates the majority of the autonomous replicative capacity of these(More)
Monitoring crop condition and production estimates at the state and county level is of great interest to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The National Agricultural Statistical Service (NASS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture conducts field interviews with sampled farm operators and obtains crop cuttings to make crop yield estimates at regional and(More)
In the studies reported here, we demonstrate that transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) or epidermal growth factor (EGF) is required for the establishment of small colonies of human keratinocytes at clonal densities, but once small (10-15 cells) colonies have formed, the continued growth of these colonies can proceed in the absence of exogenous(More)
Several polypeptide growth factors related to epidermal growth factor (EGF) have been identified recently, including transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha), amphiregulin (AR), heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF), and betacellulin (BTC). These peptides all bind to the EGF receptor (EGFr). In an effort to understand redundancy within this(More)
Amphiregulin (AR) is a heparin-binding, heparin-inhibited member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family and an autocrine growth factor for human keratinocytes. Previous studies have shown that AR expression is increased in psoriatic epidermis. To test the hypothesis that aberrant AR expression is central to the development of psoriatic lesions, we(More)
Amphiregulin (AR) and heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) are two recently identified members of the EGF family. Both AR and HB-EGF share with EGF the ability to interact with the type-1 EGF receptor; however, AR and HB-EGF differ from EGF in that both of these mitogens bind to heparin while EGF does not. To determine whether interactions with(More)
Amphiregulin (AR) is a heparin-regulated, epidermal growth factor-like growth factor capable of stimulating the proliferation of non-tumorigenic cells while inhibiting cell proliferation in some human tumor cell lines in vitro. In the present study, we have investigated AR mRNA expression in normal, hyperproliferative, and neoplastic human epithelium. Our(More)
Extracellular adenosine and its related nucleotides have been referred to as retaliatory metabolites that can be released into the extracellular environment during inflammation, wounding, and other pathologic states. We have previously reported that these compounds reversibly inhibit the proliferation of normal keratinocyte cultures and we now demonstrate(More)
When normal human foreskin keratinocytes were cultured in the absence of polypeptide growth factors at densities above 5 x 10(3)/cells cm2, the cells proliferated continuously and the addition of IGF-I, EGF, TGF alpha, bFGF, or aFGF did not significantly alter growth rate. Heparin sulfate, TGF beta, or suramin inhibited keratinocyte growth(More)