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We describe a statistical approach for modeling dialogue acts in conversational speech, i.e., speechact-like units such as STATEMENT,QUESTION, BACKCHANNEL,AGREEMENT, DISAGREEMENT, and APOLOGY. Our model detects and predicts dialogue acts based on lexical, collocational, and prosodic cues, as well as on the discourse coherence of the dialogue act sequence.(More)
Identifying whether an utterance is a statement, question, greeting, and so forth is integral to effective automatic understanding of natural dialog. Little is known, however, about how such dialog acts (DAs) can be automatically classified in truly natural conversation. This study asks whether current approaches, which use mainly word information, could be(More)
We report work on the first component of a two stage speech recognition architecture based on phonological features rather than phones. The paper reports experiments on three phonological feature systems: 1) the Sound Pattern of English (SPE) system which uses binary features, 2) a multi valued (MV) feature system which uses traditional phonetic categories(More)
We describe a statistical approach for modeling dialog acts in conversational speech, i.e., speechact-like units such as Statement, Question, Backchannel, Agreement, Disagreement, and Apology. Our model detects and predicts dialog acts based on lexical, collocational, and prosodic cues, as well as on the discourse coherence of the dialog act sequence. The(More)
This paper describes a new method for synthesizing speech by concatenating sub-word units from a database of labelled speech. A large unit inventory is created by automatically clustering units of the same phone class based on their phonetic and prosodic context. The appropriate cluster is then selected for a target unit offering a small set of candidate(More)
This paper presents an experimental comparison of the performance of the multilayer perceptron (MLP) with that of the mixture density network (MDN) for an acoustic-to-articulatory mapping task. A corpus of acoustic-articulatory data recorded by electromagnetic articulography (EMA) for a single speaker was used as training and test data for this purpose. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the impact of a computerized guideline for glucose regulation in an ICU. DESIGN A randomized, controlled trial with an off-on-off design. METHODS We implemented a glucose regulation guideline in an intensive care unit in paper form during the first study period. During the second period, the guideline was randomly applied in either(More)