Paul T. Callaghan

Learn More
In pulsed-gradient spin-echo NMR, one measures the disof rotational dipolar auto-correlation spectral density via the ‘‘probe’’ of the spin relaxation times, where T1 samples at placement of nuclear spins over the time interval, D, between two gradient pulses, of duration d and amplitude g , positions v0 and 2v0 , while T1r samples at v1 and 2v1 . The(More)
Water in protein/water mixtures can be described in terms of bound water and free water, by exchange between these two states, and by its exchange with appropriate sites on the protein. 1H-NMR diffusion and relaxation measurements provide insights into the mobility of these states. T2 relaxation-time dispersions (i.e., T2 relaxation times at different echo(More)
Pulsed field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance has been used to measure water self-diffusion coefficients in the endosperm tissue of wheat grains as a function of the tissue water content. A model that confines the water molecules to a randomly oriented array of capillaries with both transverse dimension less than 100 nm has been used to fit the data and(More)
The Earth's magnetic field, though weak, is appealing for NMR applications because it is highly homogeneous, globally available and free. However, the practicality of Earth's field NMR (EFNMR) has long been limited by the need to perform experiments in outdoor locations where the local field homogeneity is not disrupted by ferrous or magnetic objects and(More)
Using deuterium NMR spectroscopy in a Couette cell, we observe shear-induced nematic ordering in the concentrated wormlike-micelle system CTAB/D(2)O, and our results are qualitatively consistent with birefringence studies, and in exact quantitative agreement with the degree of order measured in neutron-diffraction measurements. The width of the nematic(More)
Magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) are increasingly important in many biomedical applications, such as drug delivery, hyperthermia, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast enhancement. For MRI, iron oxide NPs are the only commercial T2 or negative contrast agents, due to their biocompatibility and ease of synthesis and research in the area is highly active.(More)
The use of the pulsed gradient spin-echo sequence in NMR microscopy enables the measurement of molecular translational motion and simultaneous construction of velocity and self-diffusion images, a technique that has been termed dynamic NMR microscopy. In this method the PGSE contrast gradient is stepped in a fourth dimension (q space) and so is inherently(More)
Diffraction ideas were first introduced to NMR by Mansfield and Grannell. Here we compare "Mansfield (k-space) diffraction" with the "diffusive (q-space) diffraction," noting their similarities and differences. The diffusive-diffraction concept is extremely helpful in elucidating the Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo NMR experiment for fluid molecules in porous(More)
We demonstrate the use of new two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance experiments in the examination of local diffusional anisotropy under conditions of global isotropy. The methods, known as diffusion-diffusion correlation spectroscopy and diffusion exchange spectroscopy, employ successive pairs of magnetic field gradient pulses, with signal analysis(More)
A flow-sensitive nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) microimaging technique was applied to measure directly the in-vivo water flow in 6-d-old castor bean seedlings. The achieved in-plane resolution of the technique allowed discrimination between xylem and phloem water flow. Both the xylem- and the phloem-average flow velocities in the intact seedling could be(More)