Paul Sved

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Diffusion tensor microimaging was used to investigate the water diffusion properties of formalin-fixed prostate tissue at spatial resolution approaching the cellular scale. Diffusion tensor microimaging was performed at 16.4 T with 40 μm isotropic voxels. Diffusion tensor microimaging clearly demonstrated distinct microscopic diffusion environments and(More)
Mortality from prostate cancer is associated with progression of tumors to androgen-independent growth and metastasis. Eicosanoid products of both the cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) pathways are important mediators of the proliferation of prostate cancer cells in culture and regulate tumor vascularization and metastasis in animal models.(More)
MR microimaging at 16.4 T with 40-μm isotropic voxels was used to investigate compartmentation of water diffusion in formalin-fixed prostate tissue. Ten tissue samples (~ 28 mm(3) each) from five organs were imaged. The mean diffusivity of epithelial, stromal, and ductal/acinar compartments was estimated by two methods: (1) manual region of interest(More)
Magnetic resonance microimaging was used to measure diffusion decay over an extended b-factor range in a formalin-fixed normal prostate sample and a Gleason pattern 3+4 cancer tissue sample. The coefficients of biexponential fits to diffusion decay data from 1600 voxels of dimension 160 × 160 × 160 μm(3) in each sample were correlated with underlying(More)
Diffusion tensor microimaging at 16.4 T with 40 μm isotropic voxels was used to investigate anisotropic water diffusion in prostate tissue at spatial resolution approaching the cellular scale. Nine normal glandular tissue samples were collected from the peripheral zone of six formalin fixed radical prostatectomy specimens. Fibromuscular stromal tissue(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of formalin fixation on biexponential modeling of diffusion decay in prostate tissue. METHODS Three whole prostate specimens were imaged unfixed immediately postsurgery, and again after formalin fixation. Diffusion-weighted imaging was performed over an extended range of b-values and a biexponential model fitted to the(More)
Aberrant increase in pAKT, due to a gain-of-function mutation of PI3K or loss-of-function mutation or deletion of PTEN, occurs in prostate cancer and is associated with poor patient prognosis. Cytosolic phospholipase A₂α (cPLA₂α) is a lipid modifying enzyme by catalyzing the hydrolysis of membrane arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid and its metabolites(More)
This study compares the theoretical information content of single- and multi-compartment models of diffusion-weighted signal attenuation in prostate tissue. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was performed at 9.4 T with multiple diffusion times and an extended range of b values in four whole formalin-fixed prostates. Ten models, including different(More)
PURPOSE To compare the theoretical information content of four popular models of diffusion-weighted signal attenuation. METHOD Four whole prostates were imaged fresh unfixed and fixed at 9.4T. Biexponential, kurtosis, stretched exponential, and monoexponential models were ranked using Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC) with validation by a leave-one-out(More)
Non-Gaussian diffusion dynamics was investigated in the two distinct water populations identified by a biexponential model of diffusion in prostate tissue. Diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) signal attenuation was measured ex vivo in two formalin-fixed prostates at 9.4 T with diffusion times Δ = 10, 20 and 40 ms, and b values in the range 0.017-8.2 ms/µm(2) . A(More)