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Current systems used in education follow a consistent design pattern, one that is not supportive of lifelong learning or personalization, is asymmetric in terms of user capability, and which is disconnected from the global ecology of Internet services. In this paper we propose an alternative design pattern for educational systems that emphasizes symmetric(More)
Can widget technologies revolutionize the VLE and challenge the dominant design of elearning? The authors describe an experimental implementation of the Moodle VLE using the W3C Widget specification and Google Wave Gadget API to replace existing core features. This raises four challenges; (1) By replacing most of the functionality of the VLE with simple(More)
IMS Learning Designs provide a specification for the activities undertaken by learners within an environment; currently the definition of the environment is typically a set of web resources and files, with the potential to add two basic types of tool: conferencing and mail. In this paper we describe our initial findings on using a lightweight approach to(More)
One of the issues for the Personal Learning Environment is the integration of personal tools with institution-centric information and services such as timetable information, and the coordination of cohort-specific group activities. One potential solution is the use of widgets – small, single-function applications that can be used in different applications,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare standing head posture measurements between patients with nontraumatic neck pain (NP) and pain-free individuals. DESIGN Single-blind (assessor) cross-sectional study. SETTING Hospital and general community. PARTICIPANTS Consecutive patients (n=40) with chronic nontraumatic NP and age- and sex-matched pain-free participants (n=40).(More)
Despite several efforts for simplifying the composition process, learning efforts required for using existing mashup editors to develop mashups remain still high. In this paper, we describe how this barrier can be lowered by means of an <i>assisted development</i> approach that seamlessly integrates automatic composition and interactive pattern(More)
Apache Wookie (incubating) has generated considerable interest within the context of Technology Enhanced Learning where it was developed, as well as in mobile applications. The origins of the system in providing services for IMS Learning Design are described, together with an introduction to the system's design and functionality. However, the areas where it(More)
The services available in IMS-LD runtime are limited, and the integration of additional services is complex. The TENCompetence project seeks to resolve this problem. As a first a system was developed which creates a SCORM service and then integrates it with an IMS Learning Design player. This enables a Unit of Learning to contain SCORM material. The new(More)