Paul Schmitt

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BACKGROUND Biphasic waveform shocks are more effective than monophasic shocks for transchest ventricular defibrillation, atrial cardioversion, and defibrillation with implantable defibrillators but have not been studied for open chest, intraoperative defibrillation. This prospective, blinded, randomized clinical study compares biphasic and monophasic shock(More)
BACKGROUND We compared efficacy of and pain felt after biphasic truncated exponential (BTE) and monophasic damped sine (MDS) shocks in patients undergoing external cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS Patients with AF were randomized to BTE or MDS waveform cardioversion. Successive shocks were delivered at 70, 100, 200, and 360 J until(More)
Broadband Internet access has become a critical part of socio-economic prosperity; however, only 6 in 100 inhabitants have access to broadband in developing countries. This limited access is driven predominately by subscriptions in urban areas. In rural developing communities, access is often provided through slow satellite, or other low-bandwidth(More)
BACKGROUND External defibrillation has long been practiced with two types of monophasic waveforms, and now four biphasic waveforms are also widely available. Although waveforms and clinical dosing protocols differ among defibrillators, no studies have adequately compared performance of the monophasic or the biphasic waveforms. This is the first study to(More)
Small, preliminary studies have suggested that capnograms of obstructive lung disease (OD) exhibit a characteristic shape and that this shape may be correlated to changes in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)). We evaluated the association between capnograms and spirometry from subjects with OD with normal and restrictive lung disease (RD) subjects.(More)
OBJECTIVE This clinical study prospectively evaluated the first-shock defibrillation efficacy of 150-joule impedance-compensated, 200-microF biphasic truncated exponential (BTE) shocks in patients with electrically-induced ventricular fibrillation (VF), and compared it with a historical control group treated with 200-J monophasic damped sine (MDS) shocks.(More)
The Sonicare FlexCare and the Oral-B Triumph Professional Care 9000 power toothbrushes were compared in a single-use, examiner-masked, crossover clinical trial. Outcomes were evaluated using the Turesky Modified Quigley-Hein (TMQH) plaque index. Percent reduction in overall plaque score because of toothbrushing was the primary efficacy measure. Subjects(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The ability of a shock to defibrillate the heart depends on its waveform and energy. Past studies of biphasic truncated exponential (BTE) shocks for external defibrillation focused on low energy levels. This prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trial compared the first-shock efficacies of 200-joule (J) BTE, 130-J BTE, and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to determine the effects of twice daily tooth brushing with the Sonicare Elite (Elite) and the Oral-B P40 manual toothbrush (MTB) on plaque accumulation and plaque-induced gingival inflammation. METHODS One-hundred and eighty (180) subjects, with moderate gingival inflammation and a Silness and Löe Plaque Index (PI) of >(More)
Cellular networks are often the first telecommunications infrastructure in developing regions. By studying cellular net- work traffic, researchers gain insight into how technologies can be used to access services critical to further development. In this work, we approach a cellular traffic dataset provided by Orange in Cote d'Ivoire with the goal of(More)