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A possible relationship between change in dietary cholesterol absorption and plasma lipoprotein responsiveness was examined in 18 normal subjects fed low fat low cholesterol, high fat low cholesterol, and high fat high cholesterol diets. For the group, neither dietary cholesterol nor dietary fat affected the percentage dietary cholesterol absorption,(More)
This multicenter trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of escalating doses of Niaspan (niacin extended-release tablets) and placebo (administered once-a-day at bedtime) in patients with primary hyperlipidemia on the percent change from baseline in levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and apolipoprotein B. Extended-release niacin was(More)
A method for measuring the rate of total daily cholesterol synthesis in man has been developed through isotope kinetic studies of squalene biosynthesis after intravenous administration of [14C]mevalonic acid. Plasma squalene becomes rapidly labeled, reaching maximal specific activity approximately 100 min after mevalonate administration and then decays(More)
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus are at increased risk for premature atherosclerosis. We examined one possible etiologic factor, dyslipoproteinemia, both before and after corticosteroid therapy. We identified 2 distinct patterns of dyslipoproteinemia. One is attributable to active disease; the other is attributable, in part, to corticosteroid(More)
In four patients with hypercholesterolemia (type II hyperlipoproteinemia) and xanthomatosis the decay of serum cholesterol specific activity was followed for 53-63 wk after pulse labeling. Specific activity of biopsied xanthoma cholesterol was measured four times in the course of the study. The xanthoma specific activity curve crossed and thereafter(More)
Studies were carried out to examine the effects of dietary fat and cholesterol on cholesterol homeostasis in man. 75 12-wk studies were carried out during intake of 35% of calories as either saturated or polyunsaturated fat, first low and then high in dietary cholesterol. Dietary fat and cholesterol intakes, plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels, cholesterol(More)
OBJECTIVE To discourage fibrosis of the filtering bleb, 5 fluorouracil (5-FU) may be injected after trabeculectomy. 5-FU is an antimetabolite that also can damage extraocular tissues at concentrations as low as 0.5%. This study ascertained whether repeated injection of 5-FU has toxic effects on intraocular structures. METHODS After unilateral(More)
The absorption of bile acids from the human large bowel was studied in eight patients. All patients had cholecystitis and cholelithiasis and had to undergo cholecystectomy. Cholic acid-(14)C was injected during surgery into the lumen of the cecum, hepatic flexure of the colon, or transverse colon in six patients, under the visual control of the surgeon.(More)
A significant correlation has been found in man between total daily cholesterol synthesis rates as determined by sterol balance measurements and the fraction of intravenously administered R-[5-14C]mevalonic acid converted to cholesterol. In 30 studies it was found that the mean daily cholesterol synthesis rates estimated by sterol balance measurements(More)
The Stewart-Hamilton theorems for flow and volume are generalized to yield total input rate and total traced mass in multiple input, steady-state systems with partially labeled input. Application is made to existing decay curves of tracer cholesterol in human serum measured under a control steady state and again under a steady state of neomycin(More)