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INTRODUCTION The p75 neurotrophin receptor has been recognized as a death-signalling molecule under certain circumstances. Its role in motor neuron degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) was analysed in SOD1-G93A transgenic mice and in spinal cords from human amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. METHOD The precise loss of motor neurons in SOD1-G93A(More)
Motor neurone disease (MND) places considerable burden upon patients and caregivers. This is the first study, which describes the disability profile and healthcare needs for persons with MND (pwMND) in an Australian sample from the perspective of the patients and caregivers to identify current gaps in the knowledge and service provision. A prospective(More)
Three women (aged 21-36 years) developed acute illnesses that were similar to epidemic encephalitis lethargica. Each presented with a neuropsychiatric disturbance that was succeeded by pyrexia, a fluctuating conscious state and involuntary movements including oculogyria. Cerebrospinal fluid examination showed a predominantly lymphocytic pleocytosis(More)
Objectives: This paper examines the applicability and construct validity of the Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life-Direct Weight (SEIQoL-DW) for measuring quality of life in stroke survivors living at home that attend a secondary prevention clinic. Participants and methods: Forty-six individuals attending a secondary prevention clinic(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to define the significance of brachial amyotrophic diplegia (flail arm syndrome [FA]) and the pseudopolyneuritic variant (flail leg syndrome [FL]) of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS; motor neuron disease). METHODS We analyzed survival in clinic cohorts in London, UK (1,188 cases), and Melbourne, Australia (432 cases). Survival from(More)
From 1997 to 2003 we prospectively followed a cohort of ALS/MND patients. Patients were allocated to predetermined clinical phenotypes using the principles established in the modified El Escorial criteria. The date and region of symptom onset were carefully determined and their progression was scored using the Appel ALS rating scale. The four distinct(More)
Development of the nervous system, although patterned by intrinsic genetic expression, appears to be dependent on growth factors for many of the differentiation steps that generate the wide variety of neurons and glia found in the both the central and peripheral nervous system. By using in vitro assays, including clonal analysis, the precise function of the(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory failure is associated with significant morbidity and is the predominant cause of death in motor neurone disease/amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (MND/ALS). This study aimed to determine the effect of non-invasive ventilatory (NIV) support on survival and pulmonary function decline across MND/ALS phenotypes. METHODS Cohort recruited via(More)
We have investigated the differentiation potential of precursor cells within the developing spinal cord of mice and have shown that spinal cord cells from embryonic day 10 specifically give rise to neurons when plated onto an astrocytic monolayer, Ast-1. These neurons had the morphology of motor neurons and > 83% expressed the motor neuron markers choline(More)