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IMPORTANCE Survivors of critical illness demonstrate skeletal muscle wasting with associated functional impairment. OBJECTIVE To perform a comprehensive prospective characterization of skeletal muscle wasting, defining the pathogenic roles of altered protein synthesis and breakdown. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Sixty-three critically ill patients(More)
This systematic review addresses the evidence in regard to the management of nutrition for patients with motor neurone disease (MND), in particular amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The aim is to help establish patient and carer based guidelines for the clinical management of nutrition for MND/ALS patients. Nutrition is an independent prognostic factor(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether primary stenting reduces the rate of restenosis compared with balloon angioplasty alone in the endovascular treatment of long superficial femoral artery lesions; and to assess the effect of treatment on quality of life. METHODS A total of 150 patients with superior femoral artery occlusion or severe stenosis of 5-22 cm length(More)
BACKGROUND Venography is commonly used to compare the efficacy of different thromboprophylaxis strategies for preventing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients undergoing total hip replacement (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS We explored the relation between asymptomatic DVT and symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing(More)
The percentage of reticulated platelets (% RP) could be a useful marker of increased platelet production and/or turnover in patients with increased platelet activation, but few flow cytometric studies have measured the % RP in patients with ischaemic cerebrovascular disease (CVD). Whole blood flow cytometry using thiazole orange was performed to compare the(More)
Flow cytometric studies suggest that platelets are activated in ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA). However, few studies have measured circulating leucocyte-platelet complexes in this patient population. Whole blood flow cytometry was used to quantify the expression of CD62P-, CD63-, and PAC1-binding, and the percentages of(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the concordance of US and contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) with CT in the assessment of solid organ injury following blunt trauma. Patients underwent complete US examination, including free fluid search and solid organ analysis. CEUS followed, using low-mechanical index techniques and SonoVue. CT was performed within 1(More)
The third part of the European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) Guidelines on Interventional Ultrasound (INVUS) assesses the evidence for ultrasound-guided and assisted interventions in abdominal treatment procedures. Recommendations for clinical practice are presented covering indications, contraindications, and safe(More)