Paul S. Kayne

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Systems genetics relies on common genetic variants to elucidate biologic networks contributing to complex disease-related phenotypes. Mice are ideal model organisms for such approaches, but linkage analysis has been only modestly successful due to low mapping resolution. Association analysis in mice has the potential of much better resolution, but it is(More)
Repression of transcription from the silent mating loci (HML alpha and HMRa) is essential for mating ability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This silencing is known to require at least five proteins (SIR1, SIR2, SIR3, SIR4, and histone H4) and is accompanied by a change in chromatin structure. We show here that four positions of histone H4 (N-terminal residues(More)
A gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been mapped, cloned, sequenced and shown to encode a catalytic subunit of an N-terminal acetyltransferase. Regions of this gene, NAT1, and the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase genes of bacteria have limited but significant homology. A nat1 null mutant is viable but exhibits a variety of phenotypes, including reduced(More)
We have previously constructed a yeast strain (UKY403) whose sole histone H4 gene is under control of the GAL1 promoter. This yeast arrests in G2 upon glucose treatment as a result of histone H4 depletion. The yeast PHO5 gene contains phase nucleosomes covering promoter (UAS) sequences in the PHO5 repressed state and it has been suggested that nucleosomes(More)
Yeast histone H4 function was probed in vivo by deleting segments of this extremely conserved 102 amino acid protein. Deletions in the hydrophobic core of H4 are lethal and block chromosomal segregation. In contrast, deletions at the hydrophilic N terminus (residues 4-28) and C terminus (residues 100-102) are viable. However, N-terminal deletion alters(More)
To search for histone domains that may regulate transcription in vivo, we made deletions and amino acid substitutions in the histone N-termini of S. cerevisiae. Histone H4 N-terminal residues 4-23, which include the extremely conserved, reversibly acetylated lysines (at positions 5, 8, 12, and 16), were found to encompass a region required for the(More)
We have constructed a yeast strain (UKY403) in which the sole histone H4 gene is under control of the GAL1 promoter. This allows the activation of H4 mRNA synthesis on galactose and its repression on glucose. UKY403 cells, pre-synchronized in G1 with alpha-mating factor, have been used to show that glucose treatment results in the loss of approximately half(More)
RATIONALE Oxidized palmitoyl arachidonyl phosphatidylcholine (Ox-PAPC) accumulates in atherosclerotic lesions, is proatherogenic, and influences the expression of more than 1000 genes in endothelial cells. OBJECTIVE To elucidate the major pathways involved in Ox-PAPC action, we conducted a systems analysis of endothelial cell gene expression after(More)
We profiled and analyzed 283 metabolites representing eight major classes of molecules including Lipids, Carbohydrates, Amino Acids, Peptides, Xenobiotics, Vitamins and Cofactors, Energy Metabolism, and Nucleotides in mouse liver of 104 inbred and recombinant inbred strains. We find that metabolites exhibit a wide range of variation, as has been previously(More)
The let-60 ras gene of Caenorhabditis elegans is required for multiple aspects of development. The vulvar differentiation pathway is the most intensively studied of these, but the ras pathway has now been shown to also be essential for male spicule development. Using vulval differentiation, molecular genetic techniques are now being used to study(More)