Learn More
This research examines the mechanisms that initiate rhythmic activity in the episodic central pattern generator (CPG) underlying escape swimming in the gastropod mollusk Tritonia diomedea. Activation of the network is triggered by extrinsic excitatory input but also accompanied by intrinsic neuromodulation and the recruitment of additional excitation into(More)
The central pattern generator (CPG) underlying the rhythmic swimming behavior of the nudibranch Melibe leonina (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Heterobranchia) has been described as a simple half-center oscillator consisting of two reciprocally inhibitory pairs of interneurons called swim interneuron 1 (Si1) and swim interneuron 2 (Si2). In this study, we identified(More)
Efforts to understand nervous system structure and function have received new impetus from the federal Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative. Comparative analyses can contribute to this effort by leading to the discovery of general principles of neural circuit design, information processing, and(More)
How neural circuit evolution relates to behavioral evolution is not well understood. Here the relationship between neural circuits and behavior is explored with respect to the swimming behaviors of the Nudipleura (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Opithobranchia). Nudipleura is a diverse monophyletic clade of sea slugs among which only a small percentage of species can(More)
Rhythmic motor patterns are thought to arise through the cellular properties and synaptic interactions of neurons in central pattern generator (CPG) circuits. Yet, when examining the CPG underlying the rhythmic escape response of the opisthobranch mollusc, Tritonia diomedea, we found that the cycle period of the fictive swim motor pattern recorded from the(More)
Developmental mechanisms can shed light on how evolutionary diversity has arisen. Invertebrate nervous systems offer a wealth of diverse structures and functions from which to relate development to evolution. Individual homologous neurons have been shown to have distinct roles in species with different behaviors. In addition, specific neurons have been lost(More)
The complexity of nervous systems alters the evolvability of behaviour. Complex nervous systems are phylogenetically constrained; nevertheless particular species-specific behaviours have repeatedly evolved, suggesting a predisposition towards those behaviours. Independently evolved behaviours in animals that share a common neural architecture are generally(More)
Neuromodulation is often thought to have a static, gain-setting function in neural circuits. Here we report a counter example: the neuromodulatory effect of a serotonergic neuron is dependent on the interval between its spikes and those of the neuron being modulated. The serotonergic dorsal swim interneurons (DSIs) are members of the escape swim central(More)