Paul S. Gaynon

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BACKGROUND Children with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph-positive ALL) have a poor prognosis, and there is no consensus on the optimal treatment for this variant of ALL. METHODS We reviewed the medical records of patients with Ph-positive ALL who were treated with intensive chemotherapy, with or without bone marrow(More)
PURPOSE Imatinib mesylate is a targeted agent that may be used against Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), one of the highest risk pediatric ALL groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS We evaluated whether imatinib (340 mg/m(2)/d) with an intensive chemotherapy regimen improved outcome in children ages 1 to 21 years with Ph+(More)
For this study, 118 children with standard-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were given randomized assignments to receive native or pegylated Escherichia coli asparaginase as part of induction and 2 delayed intensification phases. Patients treated with pegaspargase had more rapid clearance of lymphoblasts from day 7 and day 14 bone marrow aspirates(More)
PURPOSE To define more uniform criteria for risk-based treatment assignment for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) sponsored a workshop in September 1993. Participants included representatives from the Childrens Cancer Group (CCG), Pediatric Oncology Group(More)
Despite great progress in curing childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), survival after relapse remains poor. We analyzed survival after relapse among 9585 pediatric patients enrolled on Children's Oncology Group clinical trials between 1988 and 2002. A total of 1961 patients (20.5%) experienced relapse at any site. The primary end point was survival.(More)
This Phase I study of clofarabine with etoposide and cyclophosphamide for children with relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) was conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities and the recommended phase 2 doses (RP2Ds). All three drugs were administered for five(More)
Second malignant neoplasms are a serious complication after successful treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). With improvement in survival, it is important to assess the impact of contemporary risk-based therapies on second neoplasms in ALL survivors. A cohort of 8831 children diagnosed with ALL and enrolled on Children's Cancer Group(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of clofarabine, a novel deoxyadenosine analog, in pediatric patients with refractory or relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). PATIENTS AND METHODS In a phase II, open-label, multicenter study, 61 pediatric patients with refractory or relapsed ALL received clofarabine 52 mg/m2 intravenously over 2 hours(More)
We have determined the prognostic significance of hypodiploidy (<46 chromosomes) in a large cohort of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated by the Children's Cancer Group. Among 1,880 patients, 110 (5.8%) had hypodiploid karyotypes: 87 had 45 chromosomes, 15 had 33 to 44 chromosomes, none had 29 to 32 chromosomes, and 8 had 24 to 28(More)
Activating mutations in the RAS oncogenes are among the most common genetic alterations in human cancers, including patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We sought to define the frequency and spectrum, and possible prognostic importance, of N- and K-RAS mutations in children with ALL treated with contemporary therapy. Leukemic blast DNA from 870(More)