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The pathogen Chrysoporthe cubensis (formerly Cryphonectria cubensis) is best known for the important canker disease that it causes on Eucalyptus species. This fungus is also a pathogen of Syzygium aromaticum (clove), which is native to Indonesia, and like Eucalyptus, is a member of Myrtaceae. Furthermore, C. cubensis has been found on Miconia spp. native to(More)
Recent large-scale computer simulations suggest that it may be possible to create a new class of soft solids, called 'bijels', by stabilizing and arresting the bicontinuous interface in a binary liquid demixing via spinodal decomposition using particles that are neutrally wetted by both liquids. The interfacial layer of particles is expected to be(More)
We present microscopy studies of particle-stabilized emulsions with unconventional morphologies. The emulsions comprise pairs of partially miscible fluids and are stabilized by colloids. Alcohol-oil mixtures are employed; silica colloids are chemically modified so that they have partial wettability. We create our morphologies by two distinct routes:(More)
  • P S Clegg
  • 2008
Carefully tuned composite materials can have properties wholly unlike those of their separate constituents. We review the development of one example: colloid-stabilized emulsions with bicontinuous liquid domains. These non-equilibrium structures resemble the sponge mesophase of surfactants; however, in the colloid-stabilized case the interface separating(More)
We demonstrate that emulsion droplets stabilized by interfacial particles become unstable beyond a size threshold set by gravity. This holds not only for colloids but also for supracolloidal glass beads, using which we directly observe the ejection of particles near the droplet base. The number of particles acting together in these ejection events decreases(More)
We present birefringence and fluorescence confocal microscopy studies of melamine particles in a liquid-crystalline host solvent. The liquid crystal has a cholesteric phase at room temperature with a helical pitch that can be modified by changing the composition. The pitch employed here is always less than the particle diameter (3 microm). We demonstrate(More)
The liquid-liquid phase separation of a binary solvent can be arrested by colloidal particles trapped at the interface [K. Stratford, Science 309, 2198 (2005)]. We show experimentally that the colloidal network so formed can remain stable after fully remixing the liquids, creating a new type of gel in which colloids in a single-phase solvent have locally(More)
HYPOTHESIS Particle bridges form in Pickering emulsions when the oil-water interfacial area generated by an applied shear is greater than that which can be stabilised by the available particles and the particles have a slight preference for the continuous phase. They can subsequently be broken by low shear or by modifying the particle wettability. (More)
We have developed a modular system for high-resolution microscopy at high hydrostatic pressure. The system consists of a pressurized cell of volume approximately 100 microl, a temperature controlled holder, a ram, and a piston. We have made each of these components in several versions which can be interchanged to allow a wide range of applications. Here, we(More)
We simulate the response of a particle-stabilized emulsion droplet in an external force field, such as gravity, acting equally on all N particles. We show that the field strength required for breakup (at fixed initial area fraction) decreases markedly with droplet size, because the forces act cumulatively, not individually, to detach the interfacial(More)