Paul S. Bradley

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Computational comparison is made between two feature selection approaches for nding a separating plane that discriminates between two point sets in an n-dimensional feature space that utilizes as few of the n features (dimensions) as possible. In the concave minimization approach [19, 5] a separating plane is generated by minimizing a weighted sum of(More)
The aims of this study were to (1) determine the activity profiles of a large sample of English FA Premier League soccer players and (2) examine high-intensity running during elite-standard soccer matches for players in various playing positions. Twenty-eight English FA Premier League games were analysed during the 2005-2006 competitive season (n=370),(More)
A nite new algorithm is proposed for clustering m given points in n-dimensional real space into k clusters by generating k planes that constitute a local solution to the nonconvex problem of minimizing the sum of squares of the 2-norm distances between each point and a nearest plane. The key to the algorithm lies in a formulation that generates a plane in(More)
We present a generalization of frequent itemsets allowing for the notion of errors in the itemset definition. We motivate the problem and present an efficient algorithm that identifies error-tolerant frequent clusters of items in transactional data (customer-purchase data, web browsing data, text, etc.). The algorithm exploits sparseness of the underlying(More)
Iterative refinement clustering algorithms (e.g. K-Means, EM) converge to one of numerous local minima. It is known that they are especially sensitive to initial conditions. We present a procedure for computing a refined starting condition from a given initial one that is based on an efficient technique for estimating the modes of a distribution. The(More)
We consider practical methods for adding constraints to the K-Means clustering algorithm in order to avoid local solutions with empty clusters or clusters having very few points. We often observe this phenomena when applying K-Means to datasets where the number of dimensions is n 10 and the number of desired clusters is k 20. We propose explicitly adding k(More)