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Three-dimensional (3D) silicon integration of active devices with through-silicon vias (TSVs), thinned silicon, and silicon-to-silicon fine-pitch interconnections offers many product benefits. Advantages of these emerging 3D silicon integration technologies can include the following: power efficiency, performance enhancements, significant product(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) integration using through-silicon vias (TSVs) and low-volume lead-free solder interconnects allows the formation of high signal bandwidth, fine pitch, and short-distance interconnections in stacked dies. There are several approaches for 3D chip stacking including chip to chip, chip to wafer, and wafer to wafer. Chip-to-chip(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) integration technology promises to continue enhancing integrated-circuit system performance with high bandwidth, low latency, low power, and a small form factor for a variety of applications. In this work, conventional C4 (controlled-collapse chip connection) technology is studied for robust interconnection between stacked thin chips.(More)
System-on-Package (SOP) technology based on silicon carriers has the potential to provide modular design flexibility and high-performance integration of heterogeneous chip technologies and to support robust chip manufacturing with high-yield/low-cost chips for a wide range of two-and three-dimensional product applications. Key technology enablers include(More)
System-on-chip (SOC) and system-on-package (SOP) technologies each have advantages depending on application needs. As system architects and designers leverage ever-increasing CMOS technology densities, a range of two and three dimensional silicon integration technologies are emerging which likely support next generation high-volume electronic applications(More)
The technique used to align liquid crystals-rubbing the surface of a substrate on which a liquid crystal is subsequently deposited-has been perfected by the multibillion-dollar liquid-crystal display industry. However, it is widely recognized that a non-contact alignment technique would be highly desirable for future generations of large, high-resolution(More)
This paper presents a three-dimensional (3D) fully integrated high-speed multiphase voltage regulator. A complete switched-inductor regulator is integrated with a four-plane NoC in a two-high chip stack combining integrated magnetics, through-silicon vias (TSVs), and 45-nm SOI CMOS devices. Quasi-V 2 hysteretic control is implemented over eight(More)
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