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The quantitative thermodynamic development of the mobile order and disorder theory in H-bonded liquids is extended in order to predict the partition coefficient. With respect to the classical predictive methods, the great advantage of the present approach resides in the possibility of predicting partition coefficient not only in the reference(More)
On the basis of the Snyder/Karger-Hansen interaction model, where delta EA = Vi(delta di delta dj + delta pi delta pi + delta hi delta nj), the partial solubility parameters of a solid used as the stationary phase may be determined through gas-solid chromatography by null-injection of solutes with known solubility parameters. Using n-decane, acetonitrile,(More)
Melting points and fusion enthalpies are predicted for a series of 81 compounds by combining experimental solubilities in a variety of solvents and analyzed according to the theory of mobile order and disorder (MOD) and using the total phase change entropy estimated by a group additivity method. The error associated in predicting melting points is dependent(More)
The quantitative development of the mobile order theory in H-bonded liquids is extended to predict the n-octanol/water partition coefficient (P). The log P predictive equation strictly issued from a thermodynamic treatment reduces to a simple linear volume-log P relationship whose intercept and slope encode, respectively, the solvation and entropy effects.(More)
The hydrophobic effect has an entropic nature that cannot be explained by classical multicomponent treatments that do not explicitly take into account both the mobility and the nonergodicity of the H-bonds in amphiphilic liquids. The nonergodic thermodynamics of mobile order in H-bonded liquids based on time fractions rather than on concentrations provides(More)
The thermodynamics of mobile disorder rejects the static model of the quasi-lattice for liquids. Because of the perpetual change of neighbors, during the observation time of thermodynamics of the order of seconds, each molecule of a given kind in a solution has experienced the same environment and had at its disposal the same mobile volume. This domain is(More)
The thermodynamics of mobile order is applied to predict the aqueous solubility of liquid and solid aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The solubility values are mainly determined by the magnitude of the hydrophobic effect. However, contrary to the solubilities of the alkanes, the solubilities of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water(More)
The new solubility equation derived from the thermodynamics of mobile order in liquids is used to predict the solubility of four solid aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, namely, tricosane, octacosane, biphenyl and pyrene, in nonassociated and hydrogen-bonded solvents. The analysis of the relative importance of the different terms contributing to the(More)
The quantitative development of the nonergodic mobile order thermodynamics involving the new interpretation of the hydrophobic effect leads to a general solubility equation. This equation is applied to predict the aqueous and alcohol solubility of chemicals ranging from nonpolar or slightly polar with no H-bonding capacity to polyfunctional polar compounds(More)
The total and partial adhesion-derived cohesion parameters of three solid pharmaceutical substances (caffeine, theophylline, and phenylbutazone) were determined from dissolution calorimetric measurements, a new technique devised for this purpose. Calorimetry has the advantage of leading directly to enthalpies, from which the solute cohesion parameter(s)(More)