Paul Robert Lichtlen

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T wave concordance in the normal human electrocardiogram (ECG) generally is explained by assuming opposite directions of ventricular depolarization and repolarization; however, direct experimental evidence for this hypothesis is lacking. We used a contact electrode catheter to record monophasic action potentials (MAPs) from 54 left ventricular endocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Echocardiography is recognized as the method of choice for the noninvasive detection of valvular vegetations in patients with infective endocarditis, with transesophageal echocardiography being more accurate than transthoracic echocardiography. The diagnosis of associated abscesses by transthoracic echocardiography is difficult or even impossible(More)
OBJECTIVES This study analyzes the long-term course of patients with typical angina pectoris or anginalike chest pain and normal coronary angiographic findings. BACKGROUND In previous studies of such patients the rate of occurrence of typical coronary events during follow-up has differed widely, depending on the duration of the study and the number of(More)
The incidence of left atrial spontaneous echo contrast was evaluated in 52 patients with isolated or predominant mitral valve stenosis (Group 1) and 70 other patients who had undergone mitral valve replacement (Group 2). All patients were studied by conventional transthoracic and transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography. Spontaneous echo contrast(More)
We compared embolectomy (when available) with thrombolysis in patients with shock and massive pulmonary embolism. 13 patients were operated on, 10 (77%) of whom survived. The inferior vena cava was routinely clipped. The 24 medically treated patients were given alteplase until systemic and pulmonary artery pressures stabilised and heparin thereafter; 16(More)
In 105 patients with active infective endocarditis, disease-associated complications defined as severe heart failure (New York Heart Association class IV), embolic events and in-hospital death were correlated to the vegetation size determined by both transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography. A detailed comparison between anatomic and(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was carried out to determine the effect of the once-daily calcium channel blocking agent amlodipine (half-life 35 to 50 h) on the circadian pattern of myocardial ischemia in patients with chronic stable angina. BACKGROUND Myocardial ischemia during normal daily life, both symptomatic and asymptomatic, has been associated with(More)
This study was conducted in 46 patients with cardiac thrombi, 15 patients with atrial myxomas, and 32 patients with other cardiac or paracardiac tumors. Diagnoses were subsequently proven by surgery, autopsy, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, or angiography in all patients. All patients underwent precordial and transesophageal two-dimensional(More)
During recovery from a posterolateral myocardial infarction, a 56 year old patient developed signs of deep vein thrombophlebitis and subsequently of pulmonary embolism. After conventional echocardiography showed masses in both atria, transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography clearly revealed an elongated mass overriding an atrial septal defect.(More)
Background. At present, there is extensive knowledge on the clinical course of coronary artery disease (CAD), whereas data on the underlying anatomical changes and their relation to clinical events are still limited. Methods and Results. We investigated progression and regression of CAD prospectively over 3 years in 230 patients (average age, 53.2 years)(More)